1301 Chapter 16

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What did Radical Republicans insist on before southern states could be readmitted?

protection of black rights, especially suffrage.

Abraham Lincoln's reconstruction plans were aimed first and foremost at

shortening the war.

After Lincoln was assassinated, who became president?

Andrew Johnson.

Which amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery?

Thirteenth.

Which amendment to the Constitution gave the federal government responsibility for guaranteeing equal rights under the law to all Americans?

Fourteenth.

Ultimately, the legacy of the Reconstruction period was

white supremacy and segregatrion.

Which of the following groups was NOT part of the southern coalition supporting Radical Reconstruction?

white planters.

Which one of the following groups of elected officials demonstrated the most integrity and competence?

African Americans.

Which of the following was generally NOT an expression of African American freedom after the Civil War?

the physical harassment of former masters.

The group that paid the highest price for sectional reunion was

southern blacks.

Which of the following groups was a grass-roots vigilante movement bent on intimidating the freedmen and destroying the Republican Party in the South?

the Ku Klux Klan.

Which constitutional amendment prohibited any states from denying a male citizen the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude?

Fifteenth.

Which general was elected president in the election of 1868?

Ulysses S. Grant.

The men who came to power after Radical Reconstruction fell in one southern state after another are usually referred to as the

Redeemers.

In which region of the nation were greenbackers (supporters of paper money) strongest in the 1860s?

the West.

Who was elected president in 1876?

Rutherford B. Hayes.

Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction was known as the

Ten Percent Plan.

The Reconstruction Bill passed by Congress and pocket-vetoed by Abraham Lincoln in 1864 was the

Wade-Davis Bill.

The state laws in the 1860s subjecting former slaves to a series of regulations and restrictions on their freedom were known as

Black Codes.

The agency set up to aid the former slaves by providing relief, education, legal help, and assistance in obtaining land or employment was the

Freedmen's Bureau.

President Johnson's inability to work with Congress was shown by all of these issues EXCEPT

Johnson was ready to compromise only with the small group of moderate Republicans in Congress.

It was widely assumed in both the North and the South

that southern prosperity would continue to depend on cotton and that the plantation was the most efficient unit for producing the crop.

Which of the following statements does NOT accurately describe the institution of sharecropping?

Sharecropping was a profitable arrangement that allowed African Americans to eventually become landowners.

In which one of the following states did blacks constitute a majority of one house of the state legislature?

South Carolina.

Most southern African Americans who held political power during Reconstruction

generally voted the will of their constituents on civil rights or educational issues.

By the end of 1865, most freedmen had

returned to work in agriculture for planters.

In which state was a member of Congress assassinated by the Ku Klux Klan?

Arkansas.

The Ku Klux Klan Acts, which made interference with voting rights a federal crime and established provisions for government supervision of elections were also known as the

Force Acts.

By 1876, the Republican Party held on to power in which three southern states?

South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida.

Which of the following groups was disappointed by the Fifteenth Amendment?

advocates of women's suffrage.

The political party that gained the presidency as a result of the Compromise of 1877 was the

Republican Party.

The informal bargain that ended Reconstruction was the

Compromise of 1877.

The Redeemers

believed in the principles of laissez-faire and white supremacy.

White Democrats were able to control the electoral machinery by all of these methods EXCEPT

enforcing the Fifteenth Amendment.

In the years between 1889 and 1899, 187 blacks were lynched every year. Most often lynch mobs used the fiction _______________________ to justify their actions.

of protecting white supremacy

In the years between 1878 and 1898, the actions of which branch of government was the most detrimental to the gains made by blacks during Reconstruction?

the Supreme Court

The Wade-Davis Bill

died when Lincoln exercised a pocket veto.

Black Codes endorsed all of the following EXCEPT

the right to testify in any court.

Abraham Lincoln was alive to see the Congressional passage of the

Wade-Davis Bill.

The Freedmen's Bureau was organized to help provide all of the following EXCEPT

suffrage.

The first presidential veto to ever be overridden was Johnson's veto of the

Civil Rights Act.

Scalawags were

former Whig planters and southern merchants who hoped to see the South develop commercially.

Which of the following statements does NOT help explain why widespread land reform failed in the South?

Freedmen did not want to become landowners.

Republican parties in the South were basically coalitions of all of the following groups EXCEPT

planters.

What brought much of the post-war railroad building in the South to an end?

the Panic of 1873.

The Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed all of the following EXCEPT

The right to vote.

Which statement most accurately describes the Ku Klux Klan?

a secret society that believed in white supremacy and used terror tactics to scare blacks out of voting

Which of the following sought to nullify the Black Codes and guarantee to freedmen "full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property as is enjoyed by white citizens."

the Civil Rights Act

The First Reconstruction Act

reorganized the South into five military districts.

Jim Crow laws can be described as

a series of restrictions on black civil rights.

The Supreme Court declared the 1875 Civil Rights Act unconstitutional in part because

it said the Fourteenth Amendment did not deal with racial discrimination by private citizens.

Radical Republicans opposed Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan because they felt former Confederates could not be trusted.

True.

During the reconstruction of southern state governments, Radical Republicans proposed a set of Black Codes to protect the freedom of former slaves.

False.

Most Republican leaders in Congress believed that blacks were inherently equal to whites.

False.

Congressman Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania proposed a program of postwar land confiscation and redistribution among freedmen.

True.

Andrew Johnson voted to extend the Freedmen's Bureau because he believed in educating former slaves.

False.

Andrew Johnson was impeached and removed from office.

False.

The Civil War wrecked the southern economy.

True.

The Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed equal rights under the law to all Americans.

False.

Between 1868 and 1872, the main threat to southern Republican regimes came from the Ku Klux Klan and other secret societies.

True.

One consequence of the Compromise of 1877 was that southern blacks would be abandoned to their fate.

True.

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