What are the 6 classes of nutrients
How are vitamins categorized?
water soluble, fat soluble
organic, essentail nutrients required in small amounts
what element do proteins also contain
What are the main types of carbs?
component in animals
what two groups are minerals divided in
major and trace
example of trace minerals
iron, zinc, copper, selenium
example of major minerals
sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus
nutrient need in large amounts: carbs, protein, lipids, water
needed in mg: vitamins, minerals
What 3 functional groups can nutrients be assigned to
1. provide energy
2.promote growth and development
3. regulate body processes
on avg American consume % of protein
food are selected based mainly on
amount of heat energy is takes to raise the temp of 1000g of water 1 C
north Americans consume % of carbs
Americans consume 33% of
Dietary Reference Intakes
Estimated Average Requirements
Recommended Dietary Allowances
nutrient intake amounts estimated to meet the needs f 50% of the individuals in a specific life stage
nutrient intake amount sufficient to meet the need of 97-98% of the individuals in a specific life stage
nutrient intake set for any nutrient for which insufficient research to available to establish an RDA.
Foods that contain a "good source" of a nutrient must contain at least ___ Daily Value of that nutrient?
Which is the umbrella term that encompasses all 5 sets of nutrient standards?
which dietary standard is set when EAR cannot be set
which dietary standard is based on EAR
20% of more of daily value
10-19% of daily value
nutrient content claim
low in fat, rich in vitamin a, zero calories
relationship between a disease and a nutrient
preliminary health claims
incomplete scientific evidence as long
how a nutrient affects human body structure or function
reduces tooth decay
factors that affect nutrient composition
maturity and ripeness of plants
caloric content/weight of food
high energy density food
potato chips, peanuts, bacon
low energy density food
lettuce, strawberries, carrots
No health claims can be made if the product contains which of the following?
contain more than 13g fat, 4 g sat fat, 60 mg cholesterol, 480 mg sodium
What are the 9 Dietary guidelines
1. Adequate nutrients with energy needs
2. weight management
3. food groups to encourage
4. physical activity
5. sodium and potassium
6. alcoholic beverages
8. food safety
Daily Reference Values have been established for which nutrient?
What are discretionary Calories?
left after meeting nutrient needs with nutrient-dense foods
1 in __ are food insecure
those who grow food only for heir families, with not enough extra to sell for an income
__% of households are food insecure
food stamp program
national school lunch program
school breakfast program
child and adult care food program
programs for seniors
food distribution programs
special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, children
biological pest management
control of agricultural pests by using natural predators, parasites, or pathogens
what is not allowed in organic food
Synthetic fertilizers, pesticide, hormones and sewage sludge
Aflatoxin is produced by a mold that grows most often on
peanuts and corn
What do the letters G.R.A.S. stand for in the GRAS list?
Generally Recognized as Safe
What agencies are responsible for regulating pesticides?
The current temperature range for the danger zone is
41 degrees F to 135 degrees F
Sickness that is caused by ingestion of food containing pathogenic microorganism or toxins made by them is
safety concerns of GM foods
unintended gene flow
loss of genetic diversity
vitamin a def
main GM crops
soybeans, corn, cotton
What is a nutritional factor that can increase the risk of gallstones?
Most digestive enzymes are produced in the
Small intestine and pancreas
Which of the following is a major hormone of the GI tract that triggers the stomach to release HCL?
The chemical name for table sugar is
An example of a simple refined carbohydrate is
Amylopectin is which of the following?
Which of the following hormones regulates blood sugar by signaling it to leave the blood and enter the cells?