the group of nations---including Germany, Italy, and Japan—that opposed the Allies in WWII.
the leader of Nazi Germany. An extreme nationalist and racist who favored military expansionism, ownership of private property with strong government controls. A forceful leader who was anti-communist.
the leader of Fascist Italy. An extreme nationalist who favored military expansionism, ownership of private property with strong government controls. A forceful leader who was anti-communist.
Prime Minister of Japan who believed in Japanese expansion. In 1941, he promised Japanese emperor, Hirohito that he would attempt to preserve the peace with the U.S., but in November of 1941, he ordered the Japanese navy to prepare for an attack on the U.S.
the group of nations—including Great Britain, The Soviet Union, and The United States—that opposed the Axis Powers in WWII.
the leader of communist Soviet Union. Believed in a sound communist state where property was owned by the government and society was ruled by the working class.
British Prime Minister who did not give in to appeasing Hitler's demands and became what was possibly Britain's greatest weapon as his nation faced the Nazis.
Charles de Gaulle
the French general who fled to England after the Nazi takeover of France. In England he set up a French government in exile.
Harry S Truman
served as Vice President to FDR and became the President after FDR's death during his fourth term in office. He made the ultimate decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan.
a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens' lives.
a political philosophy that supports a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator.
the political philosophy—based on extreme nationalism, racism, and militaristic expansionism—that Hitler put into practice in Germany from 1933-1945
an economic and political system based on one-party government and state ownership of property.
a law passed in 1941, that allowed the U.S. to ship arms and other supplies, without immediate payment to nations fighting against the Axis Powers.
the program in which the U.S. supplied economic aid to European nations to help them rebuild after WWII.
the systematic murder—or genocide—of Jews and other groups in Europe by the Nazis before and during World War II.
"night of broken glass," a name given to the night of November 9, 1938, when gangs of Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues in Germany.
the deliberate and systematic extermination of a particular racial, national, or religious group.
a prison camp operated by Nazi Germany in which Jews and other groups considered to be enemies of Hitler were starved while doing slave labor or were murdered.
Women's Auxiliary Army Corp (WAAC)
U.S. army unit created during WWII to enable women to serve in non-combat positions.
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
an agency established by Congress to control inflation during WWII.
War Production Board
an agency established during WWII to coordinate the making of military supplies by U.S. industries.
from the German word meaning "lightning war," a sudden, massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intended to achieve a quick victory.
a name given to June 6, 1944—the day on which the Allies launched an invasion of the European mainland during WWII.
Battle of the Bulge
a month-long battle of WWII, in which the Allies succeeded in turning back the last major German offensive of the war.
a name given to May 8, 1945, "Victory in Europe Day" on which General Eisenhower's acceptance of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany marked the end of WWII in Europe.
Battle of Midway
a WWII battle that took place in early June 1942. The Allies destroyed the Japanese fleet at this location, an island lying northwest of Hawaii. The Allies then took the offensive in the Pacific and began to move closer to Japan.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japanese cities that were completely destroyed after the U.S. dropped their atomic bombs.