Chapter 5: Jesus Christ His Mission and Ministry

14 terms by AlyssaWhalen2014 

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theology

The study of the existence or the attributes of God; a word taken from the Greek words theos ("God") and logos ("word").

Immanent Trinity

A focus on the inner life of God as a Trinity of three divine Persons without consideration of God's relationship to human beings or his creation work.

Salvific Trinity

The active ad inseparable work of the Triune God-Father, Son, and Holy Spirit-in Salvation History.

Consubstantial

The quality "of one being" in the relationship between all the divine Persons of the Trinity-Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. So, the Son and the Holy Spirit have the exact same nature as the Father, the first Person of the Trinity.

Paraclete

Another name for the Holy Spirit that means advocate, defender, or consoler.

Grace

God's gift of friendship and life that enables us to share his life and love.

Justification

The forgiving of our sins in order to welcome us into a right relationship with God through our faith in Jesus Christ.

Gifts of the Holy Spirit

Seven spiritual gifts from the Holy Spirit given to the Church and her members, especially at Baptism and Confirmation. The gifts are: wisdom, understanding, knowledge, counsel, fortitude, piety, and fear of the Lord or wonder and awe.

Charism

A spiritual gift given by God to individuals to help build up and strengthen the Church.

Fruits of the Holy Spirit

Spiritual perfections that result from the Holy Spirit living in us. The Church lists them as: charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, and chastity.

Fire

It represents the transforming energy of the Holy Spirit. It also gives light. Jesus calls himself the "Light of the World". His followers are to be light as well, leading others to him and to the truth of the Gospel. God appeared to Moses in a burning bush-a symbol of divine holiness.

Tongues of Fire

They are often associated with the Holy Spirit's coming at Pentecost. Tongues, of course, enable us to speak. Jesus always spoke God's truth because he was filled with the Holy Spirit. His words forgave sin, resulted in cures, controlled the forces of nature, and brought the dead back to life. The Holy Spirit makes it possible for us to proclaim Christ Jesus, to speak the truth, and to create community in the Lord's name.

Anointing with Oil

The New Testament associates with oil being anointed with the Holy Spirit. The title Christ means "anointed one". The Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Anointing of the Sick all use oil to signify that the Holy Spirit brings gifts, strength, and healing. These Sacraments can therefore be received only once.

Water

The symbol can represent both death and life. Too much water causes floods that lead to destruction and death. On the other hand, water is essential for life. Water symbolism associated with both death and life appears in the Bible. Sacrament of Baptism, which brings about death to an old life of sin, and then brings rebirth to eternal life. The waters of Baptism initiate us into Christ's body, the Church, and bestow on us the gift of the Holy Spirit.

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