2) Scale is
the relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape.
4) If the scale of a map is 1:24,000, then 1 inch on the map represents ________ FEET on Earth's surface.
8) The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method is .
9) A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic data is
14) New York City's ________ is approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100 miles southwest of Boston.
15) What is true of meridians?
Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.
16) A ship's position is given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located
on the equator
17) The hulk of a ship lies on the ocean floor at 41°46'N and 50°14'W. These coordinates tell us that the ship is located in the
18) Santa Fe, New Mexico is in the Mountain Time Zone, whereas Tampa, Florida, is in the Eastern Time Zone. If it is 1 A.M., Monday, in Tampa, what time is it in Santa Fe?
11 P.M. Sunday
19) A business executive calls from New York (which is located at 75°W) at 6 P.M. on Tuesday to Sydney, Australia (which is located at 150°E). What time is it in Sydney?
9 A.M. Wednesday
22) The U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of
townships, ranges, sections, and quarter sections.
25) The concept that the distribution of one phenomenon is scientifically related to the location of other phenomena is
29) The division of the United States into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of a
34) The population of the United States is approximately 290 million, and the land area is approximately 9 million square kilometers. The arithmetic density of the United States is approximately
30 persons per square kilometer
38) Economic development through international trade is an example of what type of diffusion?
39) If a group of people migrated from Papua, New Guinea to North America and adopted Western cultural habits, this would be an example of
40) Which of the following is a fundamental element of culture?
customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms
42) The global movement of money has been enhanced primarily by
improvements in electronic communications.
43) What is not a common practice of transnational corporations?
relocate command centers from more developed countries
46) The concept that the physical environment limits human actions, but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment is
49) The barrier islands of Florida are
attractive locations for homes and recreation and large sandbars that shield the mainland from flooding and storm damage
59) The communication revolution that promotes globalization of culture also permits preservation of cultural diversity.
64) The spread of a new fashion first in large cities, and later to smaller towns is an example of expansion diffusion.
65) The idea that the physical environment limits human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to that environment is called possibilism.
67) Oxford, Ohio, is located five miles east of the Indiana state line and thirty-five miles northwest of Cincinnati. This is an example of which of the four ways of indicating location?
69) The frequency of occurrence of a phenomenon in a given unit of area is defined as ________.
70) Assume that the scale of a map is 1:24,000. This means that one INCH on the ________ represents ________ FEET on the ________.
map; 2,000; Earth
71) Written scale and Representative fraction are two ways to express map scale. What is the third way to indicate scale?
bar line (or graphic scale)
72) If someone said that people living in the desert are lazy because of the intense heat, this would be an example of what geographic approach? If someone said that human occupation is limited in the desert because of intense heat, but that humans have adapted to living in the desert through the use of air conditioning, this would be an example of what geographic approach?
environmental determinism; possibilism
73) What are the three kinds of regions that geographers identify?The signal area of radio station WOXY is an example of which of these three kinds of regions?
uniform; functional; vernacular; functional