Both cerebrum and cerebellum have gray matter in their surface cortex and deeper nuclei, and white matter deep to the cortex.
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) helps preventing hemorrhages in the nervous tissue of the brain.
Structures in the midbrain control homeostasis and relay sensory signals to specific regions of the cerebral cortex.
The amygdala, hippocampus and hypothalamus are involved in such feelings as love, anger, fear, pleasure and pain.
the longitudinal fissure.
The right and left cerebral hemispheres are separated from each other by
The gray matter of the brain forms a surface layer called ___ and deeper masses called ___ surrounded by white matter.
This figure shows the major anatomical landmarks of the medial surface of the brain. What does "7" represent?
This figure shows the major anatomical landmarks of the medial surface of the brain. What does "3" represent?
to provide oxygen and nutrients to the nervous tissue.
Cerebrospinal fluid serves these purposes except
lateral, third and fourth; superior sagittal sinus
Cerebrospinal fluid is secreted by choroid plexuses in the ____ ventricles and reabsorbed by arachnoid villi in the ___.
tight junctions between endothelial cells that form the capillary walls.
The blood brain barrier (BBB) consists of
A patient is experiencing a high fever, stiff neck, drowsiness, and intense headaches. A spinal tap showed bacteria and white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This individual most likely has
The ___ function(s) in visual attention, such as to look and follow the flight of a butterfly
Degeneration of neurons in this structure, which inhibits unwanted body movements, leads to the muscle tremors of Parkinson disease.
Loss of equilibrium and motor coordination would most likely be related with a lesion in the
A lesion of the ___ would probably cause a person to sleep for random lengths of time during a 24-hour period.
the frontal lobe
Planning, motivation, and social judgment are function of the brain associated with
This figure shows the lobes of the cerebrum, and some anatomical landmarks. What does "4" represent?
A predominance of ___ waves in an electroencephalogram (EEG) might indicate that a person is physically and mentally relaxed.
the muscles are paralyzed, and body temperature, blood pressure, and heart and respiratory rates increase.
During rapid eye movement (REM) sleep
The ___ association area is responsible for perceiving and attending to stimuli, and the ___ association area is responsible for identifying them.
hippocampus; cerebral cortex
Short-term memory is associated with the ____, whereas long-term memory is associated with the ___.
Nonfluent aphasia, due to a lesion in the ___, results in slow speech, difficulty in choosing words, or use of words that only approximate the correct word.
painting a picture
Which of the following functions would most likely be controlled by the representational hemisphere of the cerebrum?
precentral gyrus in the left frontal lobe
After a stoke a patient complains about lack of sensitivity in her right hand. The stroke most likely affected the
the trigeminal nerve (V)
This is the largest of the cranial nerves and the most important sensory nerve of the face.
the vagus nerve (X)
This nerve innervates most of the viscera in the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities.