general term for glandullar disease
malignant tumor arising from epithelial tissue to fortm a glandullar or gland like pattern of cells.
one or both adrenal glands becomes enlarged
thyroid glands inability to produce normal levels of growth hormons at birth.Characterised with reduced mental and physical development
disease with an array of symptoms and involving multiple organs.
caused by excessive secretion of the hormon cortisol by the adrenal cortex.(hyperglycemia,muscle weakness,obesity,moon face)A common cause is a tumor of the pituitary gland.
hyposcretion of the ADH by pituitary gland.(polydipsia and polyuria)
resistence of body cells to insolin or a deficiency or complete lack of insulin.
form of potentially sight-threatening damage to the retina
high blood sugar levels leading to damage of the peripheral nerve
leading to circualatory deficiency and kidney damage.
excessive activity in one or more adrenal glands
adrenal gland becomes abnormaly reduced.It may lead to a chronic disease Addison disease.
Calcium level in the blood become abnormally high.The disease is a result of the abnormal release of calcium from bones,which leads to softening of the bones.
abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood(calcipenia)
excessive sugar in the blood or the blood sugar levels fall to abnormally low levels
excessive production of PTH by parathyroid glands it results in excessive calcium levels in the blood.
The thyroid gland produces abnormally high levels of thyroid hormon.The chronic form is Graves disease it is believed autoimmune disease.
the thyroid gland activity becomes deficient.(Slow heart rate,low energy,weight dain)Chronic form is Myxedema
abnormally low amaounts of follicle stimulating hormons
deficient production of insulin,which leads to hyperglycemia
tumor or congenital defect of the pituitary gland.The pituitary growth hormon is deficient at birth or abnormally high.
fasting blood sugar
blood sugar levels are measured after 12 hours fast.
postprandial blood sugar
the blood sugar levels are measured about 2hours after a meal
glucose tolerance test
to confirm the diagnosis diabetes mellitus
hormon replacement therapy
failure of endocrine gland to produce suficient levels of hormons.Synthetic hormons or extracted can be used
radioactive iodine uptake to measure and determine the amount the iodine taken to the thyroid cells.
effective treatment against a thyroid tumor
one of the hormons produced by the thyroid gland.The test measure the thyroxine level in the blood