5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Index Fossil
- Charles Darwin
- a English naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of South America and the Pacific islands, and in his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) set forth his theory of evolution.
- b A type of body fossil that firms when crystals fill a mold or sediments wash into mold and harden into rock.
- c States that in an undisturbed rock layers the oldest rocks are on the bottom and the rocks become progressively younger toward the top.
- d Surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic limit and break
- e Remains of species that existed on earth for a relatively short period of time, were abundant and widespread geography, and can be used geologists to assign the ages of rock layers.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Principle that states that which cats across is younger that what it cuts.
- Measure of energy released during an earthquake.
- Volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; fond mostly where earths plates come together and one plate sinks below the other.
- Steep sided loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground.
- A type of body fossil that forms in rock when an organism with hard parts is buried, decays or dissolves and leaves a cavity int he rock
5 True/False Questions
Joint/fracture → Crack in the earth along which NO movement has occured.
Shield Volcanoe → Steep sided loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground.
Earthquake → Measure of energy released during an earthquake.
Pangaea → large, ancient landmass that was composed of all the continents joined together
Relative Age → Age in years of a rock or other objects that can be determined by using properties of the atoms that make up materials.