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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Earthquake
  2. Cinder Cone
  3. Magnitude
  4. Uniformitarianism
  5. Pangaea
  1. a Measure of energy released during an earthquake.
  2. b Steep sided loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground.
  3. c Vibrations producedwjen rocks break along a fault
  4. d large, ancient landmass that was composed of all the continents joined together
  5. e Principle that states that processes that are occurring on the earth today have happened also in the past at or about the same rate.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The amount of damage caused by an earthquake.
  2. Surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic limit and break
  3. A type of body fossil that firms when crystals fill a mold or sediments wash into mold and harden into rock.
  4. Principle that states that in a series of layers that contain fossils, the oldest fossil is at the bottom.
  5. Unusually a hot area at the boundary between Earths mantel and core that forms volcanoes melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust.

5 True/False questions

  1. James HuttonEnglish naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of South America and the Pacific islands, and in his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) set forth his theory of evolution.


  2. Angular UnconformityAn unconformity in which younger sediment or sedimentary rocks rest on the eroded surface of tilted or folded older rocks.


  3. FocusIn an earthquake, the point below Earth's surface were energy is released in the form of Seismic waves.


  4. Recyclingthe act of processing used or abandoned materials for use in creating new products.


  5. SillIgneous rock featured formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers layers of rock that hardens underground.


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