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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Fault
  2. Superposition
  3. Uniformitarianism
  4. Shield Volcanoe
  5. Composite
  1. a States that in an undisturbed rock layers the oldest rocks are on the bottom and the rocks become progressively younger toward the top.
  2. b Broad,gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava.
  3. c Surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic limit and break
  4. d Principle that states that processes that are occurring on the earth today have happened also in the past at or about the same rate.
  5. e Volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; fond mostly where earths plates come together and one plate sinks below the other.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Vibrations producedwjen rocks break along a fault
  2. The age of something compared with other things.
  3. Principle that states that in a series of layers that contain fossils, the oldest fossil is at the bottom.
  4. In an earthquake, the point below Earth's surface were energy is released in the form of Seismic waves.
  5. Crack in the earth along which NO movement has occured.

5 True/False questions

  1. Carbon FilmThin film Of carbon residue preserved as a fossil.


  2. TsunamiSeismic sea wave that begins over an earthquake focus and can be highly destructive when it crashes on the shore.


  3. CastA type of body fossil that firms when crystals fill a mold or sediments wash into mold and harden into rock.


  4. Hot SpotUnusually a hot area at the boundary between Earths mantel and core that forms volcanoes melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust.


  5. Cross-cutting relationshipSteep sided loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground.


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