the census carried out by William the Conqueror when he became king of England for purposes of taxation
The document that English nobles forced King John to approve in 1215, limiting the king's power and protecting the rights of the people.
a community in which monks lead lives devoted to religion.
a man who has taken a solemn vow to devote his life to prayer and service in a monastery
a woman who has taken a sacred vow to devote her life to prayer and service to the church
a religious community in which women, or nuns live and pray
A person who rules a kingdom or empire; a king or queen.
a member of the lowest feudal class, bound to the land and whoever owned the land
A poor farmer of low status who owns or rents a small piece of land for cultivation
an armed, mounted soldier of the feudal period who gives military service to a lord
the medieval knight's code of behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people.
the lord's wife, in charge of manor & children
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
A way of organizing agricultural labor; had 4 parts:manor house & village, farmland, meadowland & wasteland
a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease
A series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy land back from Muslim control.
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending about 4000 miles
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people
in the middle ages, a noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty
a large or important Christian church
Bishop of Rome; head of the (Catholic) Christian church in western Europe during the Middle Ages
Battle of Tours
732 AD Christians defeat Muslim invaders and stop the spread of Islam into Europe
Battle of Hastings
in 1066 the Normans invaded England led by William the Conqueror; took control from the Anglo-Saxons