Myers Social Psych Final

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Social psychology is the scientific study of

how people think about, influence, and relate to one another.

Contemporary social psychology emphasizes the

power of the situation.
power of the person.
applicability of social psychological principles.

Social psychology is to _____________ as sociology is to ________________.

individuals; groups

Evolutionary psychologists argue that the forces of natural selection predispose us

to particular actions and reactions when dating and mating.

Which of the following examples is a question a social psychologist would be most likely to study?

In deciding how people will vote in an election, are individuals more influenced by one persuasive medium than by another?

Social neuroscientists seek to understand

the neurobiology that underlies social behavior.

Personality psychologists are more interested in _______________, while social psychologists more likely focus on _____________________.

individual differences; our common humanity

Values can subtly influence science by guiding

scientists' assumptions and preconceptions.
the labels scientists use for their concepts.
scientists' thoughts about what ought to be.

Common assumptions often go unchallenged among a group of scholars who share the same

culture.

Which of the following psychological terms reflects a disguised value judgment?

well-adjusted
mentally ill
self-actualized

"The way things are is the way they ought to be." This statement reflects the

naturalistic fallacy.

Two contradictory criticisms faced by social psychology are that its findings are obvious and that

its findings could be used to manipulate people.

An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events is called

theory

A research hypothesis is a

testable prediction.

When theories are discarded, it is usually because they

have been displaced by newer, better theories.

The great strength of correlational survey research is that is

studies factors in real-world settings that cannot be manipulated in the laboratory.

The great disadvantage of correlational research is that

it does not specify cause and effect.

Which research method have social psychologists used in about three-fourths of their studies?

experimental

An experimenter exposes participants to different temperature levels to determine its effect on aggression. Temperature is the

independent variable.

In a psychological experiment, the factor being measured is called the __________ variable.

dependent

Manipulating one or two factors while holding others constant is the essence of

experimental control.

When the laboratory experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations, the experiment is said to be high in

mundane realism.

When the laboratory experiment deeply absorbs and involves participants, the experiment has

experimental realism.

In comparison to the sociologist, the social psychologist

is more likely to study individuals than groups.

To determine whether changing one variable (like education) will produce changes in another (like income), we need to conduct __________________ research.

experimental

According to the text, ___________________ tends to make people overconfident about the validity of their judgments and predictions.

the hindsight bias.

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