Myers Social Psych Final
|Social psychology is the scientific study of||how people think about, influence, and relate to one another.|
|Contemporary social psychology emphasizes the|| power of the situation.|
power of the person.
applicability of social psychological principles.
|Social psychology is to _____________ as sociology is to ________________.||individuals; groups|
|Evolutionary psychologists argue that the forces of natural selection predispose us||to particular actions and reactions when dating and mating.|
|Which of the following examples is a question a social psychologist would be most likely to study?||In deciding how people will vote in an election, are individuals more influenced by one persuasive medium than by another?|
|Social neuroscientists seek to understand||the neurobiology that underlies social behavior.|
|Personality psychologists are more interested in _______________, while social psychologists more likely focus on _____________________.||individual differences; our common humanity|
|Values can subtly influence science by guiding|| scientists' assumptions and preconceptions.|
the labels scientists use for their concepts.
scientists' thoughts about what ought to be.
|Common assumptions often go unchallenged among a group of scholars who share the same||culture.|
|Which of the following psychological terms reflects a disguised value judgment?|| well-adjusted|
|"The way things are is the way they ought to be." This statement reflects the||naturalistic fallacy.|
|Two contradictory criticisms faced by social psychology are that its findings are obvious and that||its findings could be used to manipulate people.|
|An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events is called||theory|
|A research hypothesis is a||testable prediction.|
|When theories are discarded, it is usually because they||have been displaced by newer, better theories.|
|The great strength of correlational survey research is that is||studies factors in real-world settings that cannot be manipulated in the laboratory.|
|The great disadvantage of correlational research is that||it does not specify cause and effect.|
|Which research method have social psychologists used in about three-fourths of their studies?||experimental|
|An experimenter exposes participants to different temperature levels to determine its effect on aggression. Temperature is the||independent variable.|
|In a psychological experiment, the factor being measured is called the __________ variable.||dependent|
|Manipulating one or two factors while holding others constant is the essence of||experimental control.|
|When the laboratory experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations, the experiment is said to be high in||mundane realism.|
|When the laboratory experiment deeply absorbs and involves participants, the experiment has||experimental realism.|
|In comparison to the sociologist, the social psychologist||is more likely to study individuals than groups.|
|To determine whether changing one variable (like education) will produce changes in another (like income), we need to conduct __________________ research.||experimental|
|According to the text, ___________________ tends to make people overconfident about the validity of their judgments and predictions.||the hindsight bias.|