A worldwide movement, originating in the 19th century that sought to establish and develop a Jewish nation in Palestine. Since 1948, its function has been to support the state of Israel.
An ambitious army officer -> overthrew the shah, sets up own Pahlavi Dynasty. rused to modernize (builds factories roads and railroads and strengthens the army, adopts western alphabet, clothes, schools)
Dutch settlers in South Africa
South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910. (735)
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
emphasized the unity of Africans and people of African descent around the world
Nationalist Egyptian party, which pushed for independence and was the ruling party until Nasser's coup
a Nigerian nationalist, politician, engineer, journalist, and musician and considered by many Nigerians as the founder of Nigerian nationalism`
The agreement between Britain and France to divide up the Ottoman Empire post war to expand their own Empires.
Turkish statesman who abolished the caliphate and founded Turkey as a modern secular state (1881-1938)