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medical vocabulary, medical assistant, MA, terminology review

abortion

termination of pregnancy

abrasion

scrape

abscess

symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue

absorbable suture

suture material that is gradually digested by tissue enzymes and absorbed by the body.

adnexal

adjacent

adventitious sounds

abnormal breath sounds

adverse reaction

undesirable drug effect

aerobe

a microorganism that can live and grow only in the presence of oxygen

afebrile

without fever

agglutination

clumping of blood cells

allergen

substance that causes an allergic reaction

allergy

Individual hypersensitivity to a substance that is usually harmless

aveolus

tiny cells in lungs where gases are exchanged

ambulation

walking or moving from one place to another

ambulatory

capable of walking

ameboid movement

movement used by leukocytes that permits them to propel themselves from the capillaries into the tissues

amenorrhea

absence of menstruation

amplitude

the height of a wave

ampule

a small glass container for individual doses of liquid medications

anaerobe

a microorganism having the ability to live without oxygen

anaphylactic reaction

a severe allergic reaction usually occurs immediately after the administration of the drug

anemia

deficiency of red blood cells

antecubital space

space located at the front of the elbow

antibody

Protein produced by lymphocytes that helps destroy bacteria, viruses, or other antigens (pathogens)

anticoagulant

drug that prevents clotting of the blood; commonly used to prevent heart attack and ischemic stroke

antigen

Foreign protein (such as on a bacterium or virus) that stimulates white blood cells to make antibodies

antipyretic

a drug that reduces fever

antiseptic

a substance used to prevent infection

antiserum

blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens

aorta

largest artery in the body

apnea

temporary absence of breathing

approximation

the act of bringing near or bringing together especially the cut edges of tissue

arrhythmia

irregular heart beat

artifact

additional electrical activity picked up by the electrocardiograph

asepsis

Free from infection or pathogens

atherosclerosis

Fatty deposits on the walls of arteries

attending physician

physician who cares for patient while in hospital

atypical

not normal; not typical

audiometer

machine that measures hearing acuity producing sounds at a specific intensity

auscultation

hearing sounds within the body through a stethoscope

autoclave

a device utilizing steam under pressure to sterilize medical instruments and lab specimens

autoimmune disease

a disease in which the immune system attacks the organism's own cells

automated method

(For testing laboratory specimen) A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test is performed by an automated analyzer.

axilla

the armpit

bacilli

Rod shaped bacteria

bandage

strip of cloth used to cover or dress a wound

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