A work that functions on a symbolic level.
The repetition of initial consonant sounds, such as "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers"
A reference contained in a work
A metrical pattern of two accented syllables followed by an accented syllable. (^^`)
The force or character that opposes the main character the protagonist.
Direct address in poetry. "Ex: Be with me Beauty for the fire is dying"
Words spoken by an actor intended to be heard by the audience but not by other characters on stage.
A love poem set at dawn which bids farewell to the beloved.
A simple narrative poem, often incorporating dialogue that is written in quatrains, generally which a rhyme scheme of a b d c.
Unrhymed iambic pentameter. Most of Shakespeare's plays are in this form.
Harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage of a literary work.
A break or pause within a line of poetry indicated by punctuation used to emphasize meaning.
According to Aristotle, the release of emotion that the audience of a tragedy experiences.
One who carries out the action of the plot in literature. Major, minor, static, and dynamic are types of characters.
The turning point of action or character in a literary work, usually the highest moment of tension.
The inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast with the tragic elements of a work, thereby intensifying the next tragic event.
A clash between opposing forces in a literary work, such as man vs man, man vs nature, man vs God, man vs self
The interpretive level of a word based on its meaning in associated images rather than its literal meaning.
A traditional aspect of a literary work such as a soliloquy
Two lines of rhyming poetry consisting; often used by Shakespeare to conclude a scene or an important passage
A foot of poetry consisting of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables, / u u
The conclusion of tying up loose ends in a literary work; the resolution of the conflict and plot
deus ex machina
A Greek invention, literally "the god from the machine" who appears at the least moment and resolves the loose ends of a play. Today, the term refers to anyone, usually of some stature who untangles, resolves and or reveals key to the plot of a work.
The author's choice of words
A type of that presents a conversation between a speaker and an implied listener
A poem that laments the dead or a loss
A technique in poetry that involves the running on of a line or stanza. It enables the poem to move and to develop coherence as well as directing the reader with regard to form and meaning.
A lengthy, elevated poem that celebrates the exploits of a hero.
A brief witty poem.
The pleasant, mellifluous presentation of sounds in a literary work
Background information presented in a literary work
A simple, symbolic story usually employing animals as characters.
The body of devices that enables the writer to operate on levels, other than the literal one. It includes metaphor, simile, symbol, motif, hyperbole, and others.
A device that enables a writer to refer to past thoughts, events, episodes.
A metrical unit in poetry; a syllabic measure of a line: iamb, trochee, anapest, dactyl, and spondee
Hints of future events in a literary work.
The shape or structure of a literary work
Poetry without a defined form, meter, or rhyme scheme.
A metrical foot consisting of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one; the most common poetic foot in the English language, u /
A type of lyric poem which extols the virtues of an ideal place of time
A verbal approximation of a sensory impression, concept, or emotion.
The total effect of related sensory images in a work of literature.
Writing that reflects a personal image of a character, event, or concept.
An unexpected twist or contrast between what happens and what was intended or expected to happen.
A type of poetry characterized by emotion, personal feelings, and brevity; a large and inclusive category of poetry that exhibits rhyme, meter, and reflective thought
A type of literature that explores narratives by and about characters who inhabit and experience their reality differently from what we term the objective world.
A direct comparison between two dissimilar things.
Refers to the work of poets like John Donne who explore highly complex philosophical ideas through extended metaphors and paradoxes
A pattern of beats in poetry.
A figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea.
A speech given by one character
The repetition or variations of an image or idea in a work which is used to develop theme or characters.
A poem that tells a story
The speaker of a literary work
An eight-line stanza, usually combined with a sestet in a Petrachan sonnet.
A formal, lengthy poem that celebrates a particular subject
Words that sound like the sound they represent
An image of contradictory terms
A story that operates on more than one level and usually teaches a moral lesson.
A set of seemingly contradictory elements which nevertheless reflects an underlying truth
A secondary story line that mimics and reinforces the main plot.
A comic imitation of a work that ridicules the original
The aspects of a literary work that elicit pity from the audience
The assigning of human qualities to inanimate objects or concepts.
A sequence of events in a literary work
Point of View
The method of narration
The hero or main character of a literary work, the character the audience sympathizes with
A four-line stanza
The denouement of a literary work
A question that does not expect an explicit answer. It is used to pose an idea to be considered by the speaker or audience.
The duplication of final syllable sounds in two or more lines
The annotation of the pattern of the rhyme
The repetitive pattern of beats in poetry.
A style or movement of literature that has as its foundation an interest in freedom, adventure, idealism, and escape.
A mode of writing based on ridicule, which criticizes the foibles the follies of society without necessarily offering a solution.
Analysis of a poem's rhyme and meter.
A six-line stanza, usually paired with an octave to form a Pretrarchan sonnet.
A highly structured poetic form of 39 lines written in iambic pentameter. It depends upon the repetition of six words from the first stanza in each of the six stanzas
The time and place of a literary work
An indirect comparison the uses the words "like or as"
A speech in a play which is used to reveal the character's inner thoughts to the audience.
A 14-line poem with a prescribed rhyme scheme in iambic pentameter.
A poetic foot consisting of two accented syllables ( //)
The specific instructions a play wright uses.
A unit of a poem similar in rhyme, meter, and length to other units in the poem
The organization and form of a work
The unique way an author presents his ideas. Diction syntax, imagery, structure, and content all contribute to a particular style
A secondary plot that explores ideas different from the main storyline
Implied meaning of a work or section of a work
Something in a literary work that stands for something else.
A figure of speech that utilizes a part as a representative of the whole
The grammatical structure of prose and poetry
A three-line stanza
The underlying ideas that the author illustrates through characterization, motifs, language, plot, etc
The author's attitude toward his subject
According to Aristotle, a basically good person of noble birth or exalted position who has a fatal flaw or commits an error in judgment which leads to his downfall. The tragic hero must which leads to his downfall. A tragic hero must also have a monument of realization and live and suffer.
A single metrical foot consisting of one accented (stressed/long) syllable followed by one unaccented (unstressed/short) syllable
The opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
A highly structured poetic from that comprises six stanzas: five tercets, and a quatrain. The poem repeats the first and third lines throughout.