Rhetorical Devices IV

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rhetorical purposes

the objective governing the choice of the various rhetorical features of a piece of writing

rhetorical questions

a question not intended to be answered, but rather to evoke a line of questioning or theme

rhetorical strategy

the means by which a writer creates his or her expression of meaning through the choice of diction, syntax, figurative language, detail, etc.

sarcasm

a sharp,caustic expression or remark; a bitter gibe or taunt

sardonic

disdainfully or skeptically humorous; derisively mocking

satire

aims to correct, through exposure or ridicule, deviations from normal conduct or reasonable opinion

shift in point of view

a change in perspective from one character to another, or one perspective to another

simile

uses like or as to make a comparison between two unlike things and so changes our apprehension of either or both

spatial description

description of physical space

speaker

the author of a piece of writing as he or she presents him or herself in the writing

stylistic, narrative and persuasive devices

rhetorical elements of a sample of writing

syllogism

a deductive scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion

symbol

one thing represents something else

synedoche

a part of something is used to signify the whole

syntax

the way in which words are put together to form phrases, clauses or sentences

theme

the main underlying idea in a topic of discourse or an artistic representation

thesis

a sentence or group of sentences that express the author's purpose or opinion

tone

the characteristic emotion that pervades a work or part of a work; the spirit or character that is a work's emotional essence

wit

the quickness of intellect and the power and talent for saying brilliant things that surprise and delight by their unexpectedness; the power to commit subtly and pointedly on the foibles of the passing scene

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