Timeline 2: Important Dates to Commit to Memory

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1348-1351

Black Death

1415-1417

Council of Constance burns Hus and ends Great Schism

1453

Fall of Constantinople

1453 (2)

End of Hundred Years' War

1455

Invention of printing press

1492

Columbus encounters America

1492 (2)

Completion of the Reconquista in Spain

1517

Luther posts 95 Theses

1519

Cortez conquers Aztecs

1534

Act of Supremacy in England creates Anglican Church

1536

Calvin establishes reformed faith in Geneva

1543

Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory

1545

Council of Trent opens

1555

Peace of Augsburg ends religious war in Germany

1555 (2)

Charles V abdicates

1588

Defeat of Spanish Armada

1598

Edict of Nantes ends French religious wars

1600

Dutch East India Company founded

1603

Stuart monarchy begins in England

1648

Peace of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War

1649

Charles I executed in England

1687

Newton publishes Principia Mathematica

1688-1689

Glorious Revolution

1688-1689 (2)

Peter the Great's reign begins in Russia

1694

Bank of England founded

1713-1715

Peace of Utrecht

1713-1715

Death of Louis XIV

1740

War of Austrian Succession begins

1763

Treaty of Paris ends Seven Years' War

1776

American Revolution

1776 (2)

Smith publishes Wealth of Nations

1789

French Revolution begins

1792

Wollstonecraft begins feminist movement with Vindication of Rights of Women

1799

Napoleon comes to power

1815

Abdication of Napoleon

1815 (2)

Congress of Vienna

1830-1831

Revolution in France

1830-1831 (2)

Belgian and Greek Independence

1848

Revolutions of 1848

1848

Marx and Engels publish Communist Manifesto

1851

Crystal Palace exhibition in Britain

1857

Britain establishes direct rule of India

1859

Darwin publishes Origin of the Species

1861

Italy unified

1861 (2)

Russian serfs emancipation

1871

Unification of Germany

1871 (2)

Paris Commune and Third Republic in France

1884-1885

Berlin Conference over imperialism in Africa

1900

Freud publishes Interpretation of Dreams

1905

Einstein publishes relativity theory

1905 (2)

Revolution of 1905 in Russia

1914

World War I begins

1917

Bolshevik Revolution in Russia

1919

Treaty of Versailles ends World War I

1922

Fascists and Mussolini come to power in Italy

1929

Great Depression begins

1933

Hitler comes to power in Germany

1938

Munich Conference - height of appeasement

1939

World War II begins

1945

World War II ends

1945 (2)

United Nations founded

1949

NATO formed

1951

European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) formed

1953

Stalin dies

1956

Khrushchev's de-Stalinization speech

1956 (2)

Hungary revolt

1957

Treaty of Rome creates European Economic Community (EEC)

1957 (2)

Sputnik launched

1958

Fifth Republic in France under DeGaulle

1961

Berlin Wall erected

1962

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962 (2)

Second Vatican Council begins

1968

Student Revolts

1968 (2)

Czech "Prague Spring" revolt

1975

Helsinki Accords - height of detente

1978

John Paul II elected pope

1979

Soviet Union invades Afghanistan

1979 (2)

Thatcher elected prime minister in Britain

1980

Solidarity founded in Poland

1985

Gorbachev comes to power in Soviet Union

1989

Berlin Wall falls and collapse of communism

1991

Break-up of Soviet Union

1991 (2)

Balkan conflicts begin in former Yugoslavia

1992

Maastricht Treaty creates European Union (EU)

1999

Euro currency introduced

2001

Terrorist attacks on the United States

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