Philosophy Exam 2

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60 terms · Exam 2

According to Aristotle's Physics the term "Motion" is discussed. What is not definition

Reason

According to Aristotle what is not a source of movement

The Plant Soul

According to Aristotle's Categories what is not listed as an Aristotelian Category

Of color

According to Aristotle what is the "potential" for existence of "finite things

The material substratum

According to Aristotle's On the Soul "that in the soul which is called thought is - before it thinks" what

Not actually any real thing

According to Aristotle what is the "actuality" at which all individuals (i. humans) orient themselves

The unmoved mover

According to Aristotle's On the Soul what happens to "thought" after it attains "knowledge

It can think of itself

According to Aristotle's Posterior Analytics the "Syllogism" is the basis of all scientific knowledg What is not true

It is composed of Premises and Conclusion based on Opinion

According to Aristotle what term means to "quest for the next higher or ultimate existence

Epistrophe

According to Aristotle what is not a "terrestrial element

Aether

According to Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics how do we attain "moral virtue

Aim at the median in the emotions and in actions

In Epictetus' Encheiridion we see arguments on how men should comport themselves. What would be a statement made by a "True Stoic

"I am richer than you are; therefore my possessions are better than yours."

According to Epictetus' Encheiridion "Illness is an impediment to the body, but not to [what]

The Will

Epictetus states bodies are a combination of what two "fundamental principles

Logos and Physis

According to Marcus Aurelius the universe is not governed by what

Illogic

What things have "Logos" as their "governing principle" according to Epictetus

Humans

For Epictetus what is the "creative principle

Physis

For both Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius what is not the "goal of life

Monetary Wealth

Although man's acts are necessitated how does Marcus Aurelius state individuals become "free

Acting Rationally

According to Epictetus' Encheiridion "what is proper for us to do is for the most part defined by... [what]

Social relationships

According to Marcus Aurelius what should the "rational individual" not fear

Death

In Epictetus' Encheiridion what within the world is "intrinsically evil

Nothing

What does Plotinus state is not "left behind" at salvation

The One/Divine

According to Saint Augustine's "What We Are To Believe" what group in specific does he speak against

Philosophers

According to Aquinas God is not only the "first cause" of all motion He is also the "concurrent caus " What does this mean

God is Omniscient, Omnipotent & Omnipresent

According to Augustine what is the main way acceptable toward "salvation

The church

According to Plotinus what is the "most important and real

Soul

Augustine in Confessions (Book XI) - Time and Eternity states "but how can a future which does not yet exist dwindle or be used up, and how can a past which no longer exists grow

The mind expects, attends, and remembers

According to Plotinus within his Enneads he speaks of the qualities of a "virtuous soul." What is not a way in which one can "see and know its loveliness

Cling to all that is worldly

Augustine in The City of God (Book XII) states "what makes the 'will' evil

A desertion from God

According to Aquinas what is the "potential" for existence of "finite things

The material substratum

According to Plotinus' The Enneads he speaks of "souls" and "The Beauty" what is most important

The Beauty

In Summa Theologica Aquinas speaks of God and the "effects of laws." How do "laws" work on the mind of men

Compels through fear of punishment

According to Aquinas what is not representative of the existence of God

Self-evident to reason

Within Saint Augustine's "What We Are To Believe" what is the main thrust of the excerpt

Faith is of utmost importance

According to Aquinas what comprises the "substance" of finite things

Form and Matter

According to Augustine's The City of God (Book XII) - Chapter II "since God is supreme being- that is - since He supremely is and therefore is immutable it follows that He gave 'being' to all that He created [how]; not however [what]

From nothing; absolute being

According to Aquinas where do "ideas" exist

In Things

What is not a portion of the metaphysical "Augustinian schema

Reason

For Epicurus of what does the "good and virtuous life consist

Pursuit of Pleasure: Avoidance of Pain

In Epicurus' Principal Doctrines what is not stated about "pleasure

The means which produce pleasures is never Bad

In Mill's Utilitarianism, he speaks of the "Greatest Happiness Principl " What is not representative of this doctrine

Unhappiness is sometimes equivalent the Pleasure

In Epicurus' Principal Doctrines, "[What]... [as it] arise[s] from nature is a pledge of mutual advantage to restrain men from harming one another and save them from being harmed

Justice

According to J.S. Mill's Utilitarianism "The Creed [GHP] which accepts as the foundations of [what]... holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness

Morals

Epicurus states the universe is made of what

Matter and Void

In Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus, which of the following is not a description of the "Principles of the Good Life

The Gods contain the same Virtues as men

Given the existence of "Evil," Mill states God is what

Limited

In Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus what is not a description of the "wise man

Seeks to escape Life

In Mill's Utilitarianism what concept is most important

Wrongful interference of each other's Freedom

In Epicurus' Principal Doctrines man could not attain "pleasures unalloyed ( g. pure pleasures) without the knowledge of what

Philosophy

For Mill what is "intrinsically good

Pleasure

In Mill's Utilitarianism what is not used to determine "the value of pleasures

Faith

What are Epicurus' criteria for knowledge

Clear View and Non-Contradiction

In Mill's Utiliatrianism, what is not representative of the "end of human action

Self-Sacrifice

For Epicurus where is "true pleasure" to be found

Imperturbability

According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) "when you have settled [what] point in a system of philosophy you have settled everything

The Chief Good

According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) he states "no wonder the scientific training of the memory is based upon [what]

Locality

According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) he states (via the character Piso) "I almost think [he] deserves to be called the prince of philosophers." Who is to be called the "prince

Aristotle

According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) why is it stated "that pain was not an evil

It is not morally bad

According to Cicero's De Finibus (On Ends) what "outweighs all else

Virtue

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