World History Ch. 17 Notes

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The league of nations was what?

not very strong

Why was there German Inflation?

Because of reparations to France and they had to pay the worker's wages

What did the Dawes Plan do?

It was set up by the US to Germany to help it pay it's bills, it brought intense investment to Europe

What was the only thing the league of nations could do?

economic sanctions

Why didn't peace treaties work?

People didn't reduce armaments

Lacarno

France & Germany, secured boarders, Germany joins league of nations

Kellogg-Briand Act

63 nations pledge to give up using war to solve problems

What were the causes of the Great Depression

A series of down turns in the economies of individual nations, international financial crisis involving the US stock market, banks collapsed, industrial production declined and unemployment rose

What were the effects of the Great Depression

increased government activity in the economy, renewed interest in Marxist (communism), lots of people began to follow political leaders who offered simple solutions in return for dictatorial power

Democratic States: What was happening in Germany

Weimar republic, economic issues,

Democratic States: What was happening in France

Strongest Europe power, economic trouble, little faith in political system

Democratic States: What was happening in Great Britain

Economic downturn, conservatives turn around, ignore keyes

Democratic States: What was happening in USA

FDR, The new deal, work programs, welfare

Who was the first to use facism

Mussolini in Italy,

What did Mussolini institute

Blackshirts to keep dissenters quiet, secret police (OVRA) could arrest anyone for anything, controlled the media, fascists never had full control, linked with the Church

What happened in Russia?

People were starving, Lenin dies leaving a large gap, Stalin ousts the Bolsheviks and begins to rule (he already had a lot of power)

What did the New economic policy do in Russia

it allowed farmers and small business owners some form of capitalism (little freedom) and helped the economy a great deal

What did the 5 year plan change Russia from & to?

an agrarian state to an industrial nation

What is the collectivization of farms?

eliminated private farms, gathering large plots of land under government regulation. The peasants hoarded produce and killed livestock

What was the cost of the 5 year and collectivization plans?

people died of starvation, poor living conditions, dissenters were sent to labor camps in Siberia, Political opponents were tried and killed during the great purge

How many people were arrested in the Great Purge

8 Million

What did authoritarian states want?

to preserve the existing social order

What happened in the authoritarian state of Spain

it's a microcosm, there was a civil war led by the Fascist Franco against democratic government. they won with the support of italy and germany

Where was Hitler born

Austria

How did Hitler gain power

joined and took control of the National Socialists German Workers' Party (Nazi), After an unsuccessful beer hall gov. take over, led by the brown shirts and he is jailed. He writes the Mein Kampf, Nazi party becomes largest part in Reichstag which appeals to national pride, honor, and militarism to create new Germany free of economic failure, appointed chancellor in 1933, passes the enabling act, they set up concentration camps for those who disliked the government and when Hindenburg died in 1934 hitler is left with all the power

What did the enabling act do

told the government to ignore the Constitution for 4 years, the rights are taken away, and while passed laws to fix the nations most pressing problems

What did Hitler want

the glory of Aryan nation and thought his 3 empire (reich) to last for 1000 years.

What did the SS control and how?

The secret and regular police, based on terror and ideology

How did Hitler kick start the economy

used public works, and rearmament. The unemployment dropped drastically.

What did the Nazis use to have control

rallies and got control of churches and schools

What does anti-Semitic mean?

against Jewish people

What did the Nuremberg Laws do?

forbade marriages, excluded from citizenship, yellow stars, special ID's, banned from transit and public buildings, couldn't own manage or work in retail, and were encouraged to emigrate from Germany

What is the night of broken glass

kristallnacht

What happened on kristallnacht

100's of synagogues were burned and 7,000 businesses destroyed. 30,000 men were arrested and sent to labor camps

Who was in charge of SS, Gestapo, Death Squads, and the Concentration/Death camps

Heinrich Himmler

Who was the Nazi propaganda minister, was well known for his passionate speeches, he organized book burnings and was the main force behind kristallnacht

Joseph Goebbels

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