the process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
France, Great Britain, and Russia
Gavrilo Princip (The Black Hand)
a 19 year-old Bosnian serb who shot both the Archduke and his wife
Great Britain declared war on Germany, officially for violating Belgian neutrality.
Explain why Great Britain became involved in the war.
ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
fighting from ditches protected by barbed wire, as in World War 1
War of Attrition
a war based on wearing the other side down by constant attacks and heavy losses
a war that involves a complete mobilization of resources and people
systems directed by government agencies
Lawrence of Arabia
a British officer that urged Arab princes to revolt against their Ottoman overlords
councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers
meant government control of banks and most industries, the seizing of grain from peasants, and the centralization of state administration under communist control
a willful and stubborn woman who had fallen under the influence of Grigori Rasputin
an uneducated Siberian peasant who claimed to be a holy man
Lenin had promised peace, and that, he realized, would mean the loss of much Russian territory.
Explain why Lenin accepted the loss of so much Russian territory in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
a truce, an agreement to end the fighting
payment made to the victors by the vanquished to cover the costs of war
a nation governed by another nation on behalf of the League of Nations
the army and military forces are given a high profile by the government
When did Russia enter the war? The US?
when a country takes over new lands or countries and makes them subject to their rule
being a strong supporter of the rights and interests of one's country (patriotism)
The _______ was sunk without a warning, killing over 120 Americans in 1915.
On July 5, 1914, _______ sent a letter to Germany for their support. (Emporer of Austria-Hungary)
The Schlieffen Plan
Germany would attack France before Russia would mobilize
World War 1
the first war fought in the air
Mainly due to the genius of _______ who made the Red Army very efficient, the Red Army (communists under him and Lenin) defeated the White Army (anti-communists) and gained power.
November 11, 1918
William ll was forced to leave Germany and the new Democratic government signed an armstice on _______ __, ____.
five; Treaty of Versailles
How many treaties were signed in Paris? Which was the most important?
David Lloyd George
The Big Four: Great Britain-
The Big Four: France-
The Big Four: U.S.-
The Big Four: Italy-
No more secret agreements.
What was Wilson's first point of his Fourteen Points?
Free Navigation of all seas.
What was Wilson's second point of his Fourteen points?
An end to all economic barriers.
What was Wilson's third point of his Fourteen points?
Countries to reduce weapon numbers.
What was Wilson's fourth point of his Fourteen points?
All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial.
What was Wilson's fifth point of his Fourteen points?
The German Army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop her own political set-up.
What was Wilson's sixth point of his Fourteen points?
Deals with self-determination (each group could choose what they want to do)
What were Wilson's seventh through thirteenth points in his Fourteen points?
A League of Nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial independence of all states.
What was Wilson's fourteenth point of his Fourteen points?