any substance that forms hydrogen ions in water and has a pH below 7
any substance that forms hydroxide ions in water and has a pH above 7
negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen (OH-)
hydrogen ion combines with a water molecule to form a hydronium ion, H3O(+)
an aqueous solution in which the concentrations of H+ and OH- ions are equal; pH = 7
a solution whose pH is less than 7
a solution whose pH is greater than 7
a value that indicated the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a scale of 0-14, based on the proportion of H+ ions.
An acid that can only donate one hydrogen ion.
Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogen atoms per molecule.
acids that contain three ionizable hydrogens
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen ion
any substance that can accept a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond
Electron pair donor
having characteristics of both an acid and a base and capable of reacting as either
an acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
an acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution
A base that dissociates completely into ions in solution.
A base that does not dissociate completely into ions in solution.