corrections 13

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inmate accountability

the staffs ability to locate and identify inmates at any point in time within a prison

work call

the time whe inmates move to their assigned jobs or programs assignments

controlled movement

the procedure used by prisons to maintain accountability for inmates as the move throughout the prison

call out

a schedule of all the appointments and required maves for a day, including the name and expected times of the moves

pass system

a form of inmate movement in which an inmte is issued a pass by the work or program supervisor to go to a scheduled appointment

regular counts

the scheduled counting of inmates in their housing units to ensure that they are in the prison and have not escaped

stand-up count

the most formal count of the day, at which inmates must stand at their cell door or by their dormitory bed to be counted and matched to the number of inmates assigned to each housing area

census counts

a less formal count conducted at program and work assignments by the staff responding for supervising inmates

random counts

counts done at any time, freezing inmates at whatever location they are in when the random count is called

contraband

any item taht inmates are not allowed to possess, including items that can assist in an escape, are dangerous, can undermine prison physical security, or are nuisance items

shadow board

a light colored background with the outline of the tool painted on it allowing for a missing tool or knife to be quickly noticed

special housing unit

a temporary housing assignment for inmates who present a danger to the security of the prison, need protection from other inmates, or are being punished for violating prison rules

administrative detention

a nonpunitive confinement in SHU used to house inmates whose continued presence in the general population may pose a serious threat to the security or orderly running of the prison

disciplinary segregation

a punitive assignment in SHU after a finding of guilt for a serious prison rule violation; disciplinary segregation is for a set amount of time established by the authorized hearing official

enviromental factors

factors that create tension and an underlying unrest among inmates; they can include hot weather, reduction in budgets for recreation equipment, prison crowding, poor food service or medical care, a percieved pattern of unfairness in the management of the prison, or poor security procedures that allow inmates to create an unsafe environment

precipitating event

th"spark in the haystack" that sets off an inmate riot; usually must be preceded by the right environment factors before a pecipitating event creates the begining of a prison riot

hostage negotiation teams

a team of eight to ten prison employees, with excellent communication skills and ability to perform under stress, with the principle role to open lines of communications between staff and hostage takers

disturbance control team

am emergency team with the primary mission of controlling inmates suring riot situations by using defensive tactics and equipment to move, isolate, and get them to give up and stop the disturbance

special emegency response team

an emergency team trained in the use of lethal force for when all else fails to resolve an emergency situation

mandatory prison educational

many states and the federal bureau of prisons require inmates without a high school diploma or GED to attend school

fvocational training

specific training in a trade area to prepare students to work in that trade

continuum of care

provision of mental health programs based on the intensity of needs for each inmare, uncluding as inmates prepare for release to the community

lease system

state prisons accepted bids and leased out prisoners to private sector, which would work the inmates in their industrial operations

state-use system

only allowing prison-made goods to be sold to and used by the state and federal government agencies

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