← Informal Falacies Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- appeal to ignorance
- argumentative essay
- circular argument
- conclusion indicators
- a the fallacy that occurs when the lack of evidence against thesis is emphasized rather than the evidence for the thesis
- b an essay that takes a widely held conclusion particular to a subject, or conclusion particular to another writer or thinker, and agreed with, disagrees with, or somehow modifies the conclusion
- c an argument in which the conclusion is ultimately justified with itself
- d a word or phrase that often accompanies a conclusion. Examples include "therefore"; "thus"; "hence"; "it follows that"; 'we may infer that"; "so"; and "we may conclude that"
- e the fallacy that is committed by assuming that a distinction is exclusive, when other alternatives exist. Also known as the "either/or fallacy," "black-and-white fallacy" and "false dilemma"
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the state of having more than one correct meaning
- the fallacy that occurs when a statement is ambiguous because (1) the intended tone of voice is uncertain (2) its stress is unclear (3) it is quoted out of context
- the fallacy committed by assuming that what is true of parts (or members) is true of the whole (or group)
- a two-premises deductive argument containing three terms (the major, the minor, and the middle terms), each term occurring two times in the argument
- an expression that is so overused that is has become practically meaningless
5 True/False Questions
argument → the fallacy that occurs when a statement is ambiguous because (1) the intended tone of voice is uncertain (2) its stress is unclear (3) it is quoted out of context
appeal to pity → the fallacy committed by seeking to persuade by arousing pity.
aphorism → an adage; a short formulation of a truth or sentiment
Abusive ad hominem → a type of personal-attack fallacy in which the opposing speaker is accused of having vested interests
complex question → (1) the statement in an argument that is supported by the premises; (2) the statement that the arguer attempts to prove.