1. All of the following were true of the Kushan kingdom EXCEPT
(A) trade between china and Rome served it well.
(B) the increasing appeal of Buddhism helped it to grow.
(C) it met a dubious end in the 3rd century.
*(D) the government crushed out Buddhism under King Kanishka.
(E) King Kanishka was an ardent Buddhist.
2. Mahayana Buddhism
(A) was less religious and more "philosophical" than Theravada Buddhism.
*(B) attempted to maximize the number of people who could obtain release from the wheel of life.
(C) revered Nanak.
(D) began in Persia and spread to India during the time of the Gupta Dynasty.
(E) had no impact outside of India.
3. Buddhism declined in India
(A) because its most fervent supporters went abroad as missionaries to Persia and the Malay peninsula.
(B) because of a terror campaign launched by militant Muslims.
*(C) in part, because its individualistic outlook appealed to the poorer population and, in so doing, aroused fear among higher status Indians.
(D) because of the slow but steady emigration of millions of Buddhists who feared physical harm from Hindu and Muslim rulers.
(E) after the fall of the Gupta Dynasty, as did Hinduism and Jainism.
4. India's "golden age" is traditionally associated with the
(A) Maurya dynasty.
*(B) Gupta dynasty.
(C) Tughluq dynasty.
(D) Angkor dynasty.
(E) Mughal dynasty.
5. Islam was spread through parts of India by the military advances of
(A) the Rajputs.
*(B) Mahmud of Ghazni.
(C) the Nanaks.
6. The Mongol kham from Samarkand who attacked the Islamic state of the Tughluq Dynasty was
(B) Genghis Khan.
(D) Malmug Khan.
(E) Chandragupta XIV.
7. The two major geographic compoenents of Southeast Asia are
(A) the Rann of Kutch and the Irian tidal zone.
*(B) an archipelago (today's Indonesia and the Philipipnes) and a mainland zone from the Malay Peninsula north to China.
(C) the Mekong Delta and the Cao Highlands.
(D) the Sargasso Hills and the Red River plain.
(E) the Tienenman Valley and the Angkor Strait communities.
8. The Southeast Asian mainland kingdom formed in the 9th century was
9. In their political institutions, the new states of Southeast Asia
(A) were predominantly replicas of the Chinese system.
*(B) assimilated Chinese and/or Indian practices into their own ways of doing things.
(C) were totally original in the development of their governments.
(D) lacked any semblance of formal government.
(E) ultimately created an integrated and peaceful confederacy.
10. Many of the people found throughout the vast Southeat Asian region
(A) were the descendants of early Aryan and Mongol settlers.
(B) entirely supported themselves through industrial endeavors.
*(C) depended on maritime trade for their livelihoods.
(D) lived in large, integrated cities scattered throughout the entire area.
(E) were directly ruled from either India or China.
11. Over the course of the three centuries before the rise of the Sui Dynasty,
(A) China experienced a period of tranquility and order.
(B) Confucianism grew in popularity.
*(C) Buddhism developed a much wider following among the Chinese people.
(D) Daoist philosophy provided the Chinese population with enduring comfort.
(E) Islam made its first appearance in China.
12. The Sui Dynasty
(A) lasted from the 9th until the 11th centuries.
(B) designated Daoism as the only official state ideology.
*(C) completed the new Grand Canal system linking the Yellow and Yangtze river valleys.
(D) burned the literary works of Confucius and all non-Buddhists.
(E) moved the capital to Canton.
13. As a result of early Tang rule,
(A) Chinese cultural development was stifiled.
*(B) Buddhist influence helped to produce a blossoming of Chinese culture.
(C) Buddhist monastic activities were curtailed.
(D) internal weakness was replaced by growing strength for six centuries.
(E) Nestorian beliefs became dominant in the Yangtze Valley.
14. In terms of its relations with neighboring powers, the Song
*(A) met their ulimate demise at the hands of the Mongols.
(B) was able to maintain a permanent dominace over the Jin Dynasty of the Jurchens.
(C) reconquered the northern region controlled by the Uighurs.
(D) learned from the mistakes of the Tang and avoided a similar fate.
(E) conquered Japan, the first time that this had happened.
15. Wu Zhao
(A) was the founder of the White Lotus sect.
(B) translated "The Way of the Dao" into Khitan.
(C) was the Chinese name of Marco Polo.
(D) was the founder of the Ming Dynasty.
*(E) became empress of China.
16. Under Song rule in China, the system of local government
(A) permitted villages to administer themselves.
(B) gave specific, vital responsibilities to the village "council of elders."
(C) enabled the most prominent clans in the village to dominate the Council of Elders.
(D) essentially remained as it had been under the Tang.
*(E) all of the above
17. The Chinese civil service examination system
(A) included a quota system to insure that over one-half of those who took it were peasants.
(B) insured that those passing all levels of the exams would receive life-long pensions.
(C) was designed to keep the "scholar-gentry" from taking the advanced examinations.
(D) was no longer used after the early 600s
*(E) required that candidates memorize the several Confucian classic works.
18. The Founder of the Mongol Empire was
(A) Ogilvai Khan.
(B) Khubilai Khan.
(C) Atta Khan.
*(D) Genghis Khan.
19. The Mongols
(A) were, under Genghis Khan, aggressive traders virtually obsessed with making profits.
(B) ruled China, by means of the Yuan Dynasty, for 437 years.
(C) established their capital in China at Nanjing.
(D) destroyed the Chinese economy by outlawing all trade.
*(E) made use of Chinese institutions in governing China.
20. Emperor Yongle was responsible for all of the following EXCEPT
(A) sponsoring a series of voyages led by admiral Zhenghe.
*(B) defeating the Qing at the Battle of Taiwan.
(C) strengthening the Great Wall.
(D) pacified the nomads from Asia.
(E) established a tributary relationship with the Yi dynasty of Korea.
21. The four Japanese islands are
(A) Honshu, Luzon, Hainan, and Guam.
(B) Kyushu, Taiwan, Ryuku, and Kamchatka.
*(C) Shikoku, Kyushu, Hokkaido, and Honshu.
(D) Okinawa, Tinian, Ryuku, and Diego Garcia.
(E) Olane, Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and Shikoku.
22. The shoen system
(A) never gained a foothold in Japan, although it became a central part of Korean culture.
(B) implemented the use of bakufu wherever it came to power.
(C) was the primary cause of the Onin war.
*(D) referred to the control of tax-exempt lands by powerful aristocratic families.
(E) produced Confucian scholars for the Japanese bureaucracy.
23. The new class of Japanese military officials and retainers whose purpose was to protect their patrons and their property was the
24. Known as the way of the warrior, the strict code of the Japanese retainer was called
25. The essence of the "shogunate system" was that
(A) governmental power became decentralized under the emperor.
*(B) governmental power became centralized and placed in the hands of the shogun, while the emperor ruled in name only.
(C) the emperor became the central ruler and the shogun became a nominal official.
(D) the military was put under complete civilian control.
(E) the peasants were granted the rank of samurai.
26. The Japanese word that refers to the "divine wind" of the massive typhoon that destroyed the invading Mongol fleet of Khubilai Khan is
27. Under he Ashikaga shogunate,
(A) the samurai took control of the lands of the daimyo.
(B) centralized shogunate power in Japan increased enormously.
*(C) daimyo increased their power and authority at the expense of the shogun.
(D) the emperor came to dominate the samurai.
(E) the Mongols successfully captured Japan.
(A) is the Japanese version of Theravada Buddhism.
*(B) involves the performance of ritual acts, often performed at a shrine.
(C) stresses military violence and gore.
(D) includes aspects involving belief in the humanity of the emperor.
(E) was heavily influenced by Southeast Asian Hinduism.
29. One specific characteristic of Japanese culture is
(A) its practice of remaining exclusively native.
(B) the constant Shinto domination of all aspects of religion and culture.
*(C) its ability to blend native influences with concepts acquired from other cultures.
(D) the flow of technological and industrial inventions from its earliest history.
(E) that only males made notable literacy contributions.