List of Gram positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

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Actinomyces (Gram +)

Filamentous
Respiratory Diseases, cavities

Bacillus (Gram +)

Endospore
B. anthracis: anthrax
Other strains, food poisoning

Clostridium (Gram +)

Obligate Anaerobe Endospore
C. tetani: tetanus
C. perfringens: food poison, gas gangrene
C. botulinum: botulism

Corynebacterium (Gram +)

Pleiomorphic
C. Diphtheriae

Enterococcus (Gram +)

-------------------------
Vancomycin Resistant E__________ (VRE)

Gardnerella (Gram +)

Rods
Vaginitis

Lactobacillus (Gram +)

-----------------------
Vaginal Flora

Listeria (Gram +)

Rods
Fetal Pathogens
Newborn meningitis

Mycobacterium (Gram +)

Acid Fast
M leprae
M tuberculosis

Mycoplasma (Gram +)

No cell Wall
Walking pneumonia

Nocardia (Gram +)

Filamentous
Respiratory Diseases

Propionibacterium (Gram +)

Rods
Acne

Staphylococcus (Gram +)

Cocci in clusters
S epidermidis
S aureus
Methicillin Resistant Staph aureus (MRSA)
Vancomycin Resistant Staph aureus (VRSA)

Streptococcus (Gram +)

COCCI IN CHAINS
S pneumonia: Alpha hemolysis
S pyogenes: Beta hemolysis
S mutans: Cavities

Streptomyces (Gram +)

Filamentous
Antibiotics

Acetobacter (gram -)

-------------------
Acetic acid from ethanol

Borrelia (gram -)

Spirochete
Lyme Disease
Arthropod borne

Bortadella (gram -)

Rod Aerobe
B. Pertussis

Burkholderia (gram -)

Rod Aerobe
B cepacia:
Cystic Fibrosis patients!!

Campylobacter (gram -)

Curved Rod
GI infections

Chlamydia (gram -)

Obligate Intercellular Parasite (<--O.I.P)
STD
Trachoma (blindness)
Pneumonia

Enterobacter (gram -)

Rod
Opportunistic UTI (urinary tract infections)

Escherichia (gram -)
{E. coli}

Rod
Normal GI tract
O157:H7 strain

Fusobacterium (gram -)

Rod Anaerobe
Gingivitis

Helicobacter (gram -)

CURVED ROD
Peptic Ulcer

Hemophilus (gram -)

ROD
H influenzae
URI (upper respiratory infections)
Epiglottitis
Meningitis
Otitis

Klebsiella (gram -)

ROD
Hemorrhagic pneumoniae

Legionella (gram -)

ROD AEROBES
pneumonia

Leptospiria (gram -)

SPIROCHETE
leptospirosis

Neisseria (gram -)

AEROBE DIPLOCOCCUS
N gonorrheae
N meningitidis

Nitrobacter (gram -)

---------------------
Nitrogen fixing bacteria

Proteus (gram -)

ROD
"Opportunistic UTI

Pseudomonas (gram -)

ROD AEROBES
Pyocyanin (blue-green pigment)
Nosocomiel infections (aquired at a hospital)
Burn patinets!!!
"Cystic Fibrosis patients!!!

Rickettsia (gram -)

Obligate Intercellular Parasite (<-- O.I.P)
Rocky Mtn spotted fever
"Enter host through vectors (term: arthropod borne)

Salmonella (gram -)

ROD
typhus
Food poisoning

Serratia (gram -)

ROD
"Opportunistic UTI
Respiratory Infections

Shigella (gram -)

ROD
Dysentery

Thiobacter (gram -)

----------------
Sulfur reducing

Treponema (gram -)

SPIROCHETE
T pallidum -syphilis

Vibrio (gram -)

CURVED ROD
Cholera
GI disease

Yersinia (gram -)

ROD
plague

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