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IQ = mental age/chronological age

intelligence quotient

intelligence

mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

reification

giving an abstract concept a name and then treating it as though it were a concret, tangible object

factor analysis

a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score

general intelligence (g)

a factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test

Charles Spearman

developed factor analysis; believed there is also a general intelligence or g factor that underlies the various clusters

Howard Gardner

believed in 8 areas if intelligence which people master to understand their world

multiple intelligences

intelligences each relatively independent of the others; may be good at one thing but not another

savant syndrome

a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill; such as computation or drawing

Robert Sternberg

believes that intelligence includes analytic, creative and practical abilities

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