Nobles pay less peasants pay more
Duke of Sully
Appointed by Henry IV, didn't make tax system just but made it more efficient. Reduced debt,built roads and canals,revived industry and agriculture,encourage colonization in new world.
Nobility of Sword
Threatened royal family/ inherited providers, traditional military service.
Nobles of Robe
Govt offices sold to them to raise Govt funds, members of bourgeoisie.
After Henry IV assassinated 9 year old son takes throne
Appointed by Louis XIII as Chris minister, basically real ruler of France until his death. A politique , worked to extend royal power.
Richelieu replaces noble in Govt with royals known as intendants for each of 32 districts. Curbs noble political power , not social privileges.
Limited Hapsburg power,supposedly prots during 30 years war.diplomacy , and interventions helped make France leading Europe Power.
After young death of Louis XIII and richelieu Louis XIV takes power at age 5. Later known as sun king.
Appointed by Louis XIV
Nobles rebel against royals afte sensing royal weakness. Makes Louis XIV flee Paris to Versailles, he will remember what nobles did.
All king power from God, power absolute but had to obey Gods Laws
Power of Louis XIV
Most powerful MOnarch in french history, didn't share power with a parliament, declared (Ian the state) made more intendants, regularu attended meetings of 4 councils appointing no Chris minister. Weakened nobility , appointed Bourgeoise instead.
Visible symbol for Louis XIV power and greatness. Became center of Frech culture, envied by Europe and copied in Europe
Louis XIV commanded army, supported arts, political life and culture revolved around him
Jean Baptiste Colbert
Appointed by Louis XIV as controller of general Finances. Expanded French economy through mercantilism.
Policies of Colbert
Expand manufacturing by abolishing domestic tariffs, placed tariffs on goods coming in country., encouraged people move to Canada to promote fur trade,raised royal revenues. Didnt make taxes fair.
Revocation of Edict of Nantes
EON abolished,Louis XIV and jesuit advisors use ( one king , one law , one faith) prots flee losing French skilled workers.
Louis XIV goals
France expand along Rhine river and switz. , France global power by inheriting Spanish pissesions in new world and Europe.
Balance of power
France wanted universal monarchy that other nations subordinate to French will. Weaker nations like Dutch coalitioned to resist French.
War of Spanish Succesion
Louis XIV grandson heir to Spanish throne Philip of Anjou. Grand Alliance formed to stop this in fear of universal monarchy. Costly leaving France weak and with debt.. Leads to French rev.
Made of holland, Austria, and Italian Savoy.
Treaty of Utrecht
Philip V grandson allowed to be king of Spain if kingdoms don't unite. France retains Alsace.
Spanish naval bases at Gibraltar, balearic islands. Slave trade from Spain., French colonies nova scottia and Newfoundland.
Gains spanishNetherlands(Belgium) Naples, Milan, Sardinia.
Duke of Savoy
Savoyrecieves Sicily and title as king. Ceded to Austria for Sardinia.
Elector of Brandenburg
Recognized as king of prussia.
Spanish Golden Age
Ferdinand and Isabella set up absolutism, zenith reached during Phillip II . Prestige declines after death of Philip II
Converted Spanish Muslims who became Catholics
Spanish Economic Decline
Expulsion of Jews and Muslims lowers skilled work force.gold from mexico and Peru causes inflation. Costly wars with Dutch Republic and France.
Spanish Political Decline
Weak bad rulers, aristocrats lead lives they no longer could afford.armies suffer serious defeats.