one striking feature of the 1932 presidential election was
that African-Americans became a vital element in the Democratic Party.
in different ways, the Civilian Conservation Corps, the works Progress Administration, and the public Works Administration were all designed to address the problem of
Program that provided young men 18 to 25 with gov't jobs in reforestation and other conservation projects; worked in nat'l and state parks.
Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana gained national popularity by?
promising to give every family $5,000
The Federal Securities Act was designed to
force stock promoters to give investors information regarding the soundness of their stocks.
The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that
gave labor the right to bargain collectively
The Congress of Industrial Organization primary interest was
the organization of all workers within an industry.
After Franklin Roosevelt's attempt to pack the Supreme Court failed,
the court began to support New Deal Programs
As a result of the 1937 "Roosevelt recession,"
roosevelt adopted keynesian (planned deficit spending) economics
Franklin Roosevelt's programs for the unemployed
were almost no help for the poor
provided some help but did not end the depression
created the biggest federal deficits in American history
aided only the farmers
In part, Franklin Roosevelt embarked on the Good Neighbor Policy because
He was eager to enlist Latin American allies to defend the Western Hemisphere against dictators
Throughout most of the 1930s, the American people responded to the aggressive actions of Germany, Italy, and Japan by
retreating further into isolation
The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war
certain restrictions would automatically go into effect. No American could legally sail on a belligerent ship, or sell or transport munitions to a belligerent nation, or make loans to a belligerent. This displayed that America was not willing to go to war and desired to remain neutral and isolationist.
From 1925 to 1940 the transition of American policy on arms sales to warring nations was in the sequence
embargo to cash and carry to lend-lease
In September 1938 in Munich, Germany
Britain and France consented to Germany's taking the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia.
Shortly after Adolf Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet union
Germany invaded Poland and started World War II.
Franklin Roosevelt was motivated in 1920 to run for a third term in office mainly
by his belief that America needed his experienced leadership during the international crisis.
The Atlantic Charter, developed by the United Stated and Britain, was also endorsed by
the Soviet Union.
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 came as a great surprise because
because President Roosevelt suspected that if an attack came, it would be in Malaya or the Philippines.
On the eve of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, a large majority of American
still wanted to keep the United States out of war
Japanese-American were placed in concentration camps
as a result of anti-Japanese prejudice and fear.
the japanese made a crucial mistake in 1942in their attempt to control much of the pacific when they?
overextended themselves instead of digging in and consolidating their gains
in waging war against japan, the united states relied mainly on a strategy of
"island hopping" across the South Pacific while bypassing Japanese strongholds.
hitler's advance in the european war crested in late 1942 at the battle of _____, after which his fortunes gradually declined
the allies postponed opening a second front in europe until 1944 because
of British reluctance and lack of adequate shipping.
president roosevelt and prime minister churchill announced at their wartime conference in casa blanca that their principal war time aim was to
force the unconditional surrender of both Germany and Japan
the cross channel invasion of normandy to open a second front in europe was command by general
the Potsdam conference
Stalin, Churchill, and Truman gathered to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany. The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of war.
in an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the truman administration did all of the following except
sell war factories and other government installations to private businesses at very low prices.
the long economic boom from world war II to the 1970's was primarily fueled by
reduced military expenditures.
population distribution in the post-world war II period followed a pattern of
an urban-suburban segregation of blacks and whites in major metropolitan areas
the baby boom generation will create a major problem in the future by
placing an enormous strain on the Social Security system.
the origins of the cold war lay in a fundamental disagreement between the united states and the soviet union over postwar arrangements in
president truman's marshall plan called for
substantial financial assistance to rebuild Western Europe.
in 1948, many southern democrats split from the party because
President Truman took a strong stand in favor of civil rights
president truman's action upon hearing of the invasion of south korea illustrated his commitment to a foreign policy of
president truman relieved general douglas MacArthur of his command of united nations troops in korea when
MacArthur began to take issue publicly with presidential policies
richard nixon was selected as dwight eisenhower's vice-presidential running mate in 1952 as a concession to the
eisenhower's greatest asset as president was his
e) enjoyment of the affection and respect of the American people
in response to senator McCarthy, president eisenhower
publicly denounced him only after he attacked General George Marshall.
as a result of senator McCarthy crusade against communist subversion in america
the State Department lost a number of Asian specialists who might have counseled a wiser course in Vietnam.
senator McCarthy's anti-communist crusade ended when he
when he alleged that there were communists in the army.
the 1954 supreme court case that ruled that racially segregated school system were "inherently unequal" was
Brown vs. the Board of Education
the new militancy and restlessness among many members of the African - American community after 1945 was generated by
the gap between American ideals and racial practices revealed by World War II.
in the supreme court's epochal 1954 decision in brown v. board of educatoin of topeka, the court
in order to enhance america's military power while reducing the military budget, the eisenhower administration turned to a reliance on
when the soviet union attempted to install nuclear weapons in cuba, president kennedy ordered
a naval quarantine of that island.
at first, president kennedy moved very slowly in the area of racial justice because he
needed the support of southern legislators to pass his economic and social legislation.
Beginning in 1964, the chief goal of the African-American civil rights movement in the south was to?
creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, prohibiting discrimination based on gender, banning racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public
The 1968 Democratic party convention witnessed?
a violent conflict between police and antiwar demonstrators outside the convention hall.
By the early 1970's, the post-world war II economic boom had crested as a result of all of the following except?
decline in the competitive advantage of American business,
the Vietnam War and a slump in productivity
The high inflation rate of 1970's was primarily the result of?
spending on social-welfare programs and the Vietnam War
Perhaps Richard Nixon's most valuable assest as he began his presidency in 1969 was his?
expertise in foreign policy
The Pentagon Papers, published in 1971?
exposed the deception (by US presidents &
their administrations) that had led USA into Vietnam War
Richard Nixon's policy of detente?
was designed to improve relations between the Soviet Union and China.
The decision of the supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren reflected its?
deep concern for the individual
During the senate Watergate hearings, one of the most damaging revelation for Richard Nixon was that?
his conversations in person and on the telephone had been recorded on tape
The 1973 War Powers Act?
limits Presidential powers in undeclared wars
required the president to report to Congress any commitment of American troops.
President Carter believed the fundmental problem of the American Economy in the later 1970's was?
US dependence on foreign oil
That preference in the admission policies of institutions of higher education could not be based on ethnic or racial identity alone was the supreme court's decision in?
Bakke vs. Regents of the University of California
Ronald Reagan was similar to Franklin D. Roosevelt in that both men?
championed the "common man" against vast impersonal menaces
Ronald Reagan differed from Franklin D. Roosevelt
branded big business as the enemy of the common man, while Reagan depicted big government as the foe
Conservative Democrats who helped Ronald Reagan pass his budget and tax-cutting legislation were called?
Ronald Reagan brought to the presidency his major goal of?
reducing the size of the federal government
America's economic well-being in the twenty-first century depends on harnessing?
Over the course of the twentieth century, the distribution of wealth in the united states?
had widen the gap between the rich and the poor
The group most profoundly affected by the great economic changes of the late twentieth century was?
By the 1990's the traditional family unit was weakening because?
divorce rate had increased, the number of single-parent households had risen, and "parent substitutes" had assumed the role of child-rearing (all of the above)
The principal front on which African-Americans are still struggling for their share of the American dream is?