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one striking feature of the 1932 presidential election was

that African-Americans became a vital element in the Democratic Party.

The most immediate crisis Roosevelt faced when he took office was

issue of the banks

in different ways, the Civilian Conservation Corps, the works Progress Administration, and the public Works Administration were all designed to address the problem of

Program that provided young men 18 to 25 with gov't jobs in reforestation and other conservation projects; worked in nat'l and state parks.

Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana gained national popularity by?

promising to give every family $5,000

The Federal Securities Act was designed to

force stock promoters to give investors information regarding the soundness of their stocks.

The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that

gave labor the right to bargain collectively

The Congress of Industrial Organization primary interest was

the organization of all workers within an industry.

The "Roosevelt coalition" that forged a series of Democratic electoral victories comprised


After Franklin Roosevelt's attempt to pack the Supreme Court failed,

the court began to support New Deal Programs

As a result of the 1937 "Roosevelt recession,"

roosevelt adopted keynesian (planned deficit spending) economics

Franklin Roosevelt's programs for the unemployed

were almost no help for the poor

provided some help but did not end the depression

created the biggest federal deficits in American history

aided only the farmers

In part, Franklin Roosevelt embarked on the Good Neighbor Policy because

He was eager to enlist Latin American allies to defend the Western Hemisphere against dictators

Throughout most of the 1930s, the American people responded to the aggressive actions of Germany, Italy, and Japan by

retreating further into isolation

The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war

certain restrictions would automatically go into effect. No American could legally sail on a belligerent ship, or sell or transport munitions to a belligerent nation, or make loans to a belligerent. This displayed that America was not willing to go to war and desired to remain neutral and isolationist.

From 1925 to 1940 the transition of American policy on arms sales to warring nations was in the sequence

embargo to cash and carry to lend-lease

In September 1938 in Munich, Germany

Britain and France consented to Germany's taking the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia.

In March 1939, Hitler invaded and conquered the nation of


Shortly after Adolf Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet union

Germany invaded Poland and started World War II.

Franklin Roosevelt was motivated in 1920 to run for a third term in office mainly

by his belief that America needed his experienced leadership during the international crisis.

The Atlantic Charter, developed by the United Stated and Britain, was also endorsed by

the Soviet Union.

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 came as a great surprise because

because President Roosevelt suspected that if an attack came, it would be in Malaya or the Philippines.

On the eve of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, a large majority of American

still wanted to keep the United States out of war

Japanese-American were placed in concentration camps

as a result of anti-Japanese prejudice and fear.

the japanese made a crucial mistake in 1942in their attempt to control much of the pacific when they?

overextended themselves instead of digging in and consolidating their gains

the tide of japanese conquest in the pacific was turned following the battle of


in waging war against japan, the united states relied mainly on a strategy of

"island hopping" across the South Pacific while bypassing Japanese strongholds.

hitler's advance in the european war crested in late 1942 at the battle of _____, after which his fortunes gradually declined


the allies postponed opening a second front in europe until 1944 because

of British reluctance and lack of adequate shipping.

president roosevelt and prime minister churchill announced at their wartime conference in casa blanca that their principal war time aim was to

force the unconditional surrender of both Germany and Japan

at the wartime teheran conference

plans were made for the opening of a second front in Europe.

the cross channel invasion of normandy to open a second front in europe was command by general

Dwight Eisenhower

the Potsdam conference

Stalin, Churchill, and Truman gathered to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany. The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of war.

in an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the truman administration did all of the following except

sell war factories and other government installations to private businesses at very low prices.

the traft-Harley act of 1947 was passed to check the growing power of

labor unions

the long economic boom from world war II to the 1970's was primarily fueled by

reduced military expenditures.

since 1945, population in the united states has grown most in the


population distribution in the post-world war II period followed a pattern of

an urban-suburban segregation of blacks and whites in major metropolitan areas

the baby boom generation will create a major problem in the future by

placing an enormous strain on the Social Security system.

the origins of the cold war lay in a fundamental disagreement between the united states and the soviet union over postwar arrangements in

Eastern Europe.

joseph stalin's postwar security concerns primarily focused on

Eastern Europe

president truman's marshall plan called for

substantial financial assistance to rebuild Western Europe.

in 1948, many southern democrats split from the party because

President Truman took a strong stand in favor of civil rights

match each 1948 presidential candidate with his political party

A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4

president truman's action upon hearing of the invasion of south korea illustrated his commitment to a foreign policy of


president truman relieved general douglas MacArthur of his command of united nations troops in korea when

MacArthur began to take issue publicly with presidential policies

richard nixon was selected as dwight eisenhower's vice-presidential running mate in 1952 as a concession to the

hard-line anticommunists.

eisenhower's greatest asset as president was his

e) enjoyment of the affection and respect of the American people

among the anti-communists, senator joseph r. McCarthy was the

the one who most damaged free speech.

in response to senator McCarthy, president eisenhower

publicly denounced him only after he attacked General George Marshall.

as a result of senator McCarthy crusade against communist subversion in america

the State Department lost a number of Asian specialists who might have counseled a wiser course in Vietnam.

senator McCarthy's anti-communist crusade ended when he

when he alleged that there were communists in the army.

the 1954 supreme court case that ruled that racially segregated school system were "inherently unequal" was

Brown vs. the Board of Education

the new militancy and restlessness among many members of the African - American community after 1945 was generated by

the gap between American ideals and racial practices revealed by World War II.

in the supreme court's epochal 1954 decision in brown v. board of educatoin of topeka, the court


in order to enhance america's military power while reducing the military budget, the eisenhower administration turned to a reliance on


the 1955 geneva conference

established a permanent division of Vietnam.

the alliance for progress was intended to improve the level of economic well being in

Latin America

when the soviet union attempted to install nuclear weapons in cuba, president kennedy ordered

a naval quarantine of that island.

at first, president kennedy moved very slowly in the area of racial justice because he

needed the support of southern legislators to pass his economic and social legislation.

president johnson proved much more successful than president kennedy at?

working with Congress.

president johnson called his package of domestic reform proposal the?

Great Society

with the passage of the Tokin Gulf Resolution?


Beginning in 1964, the chief goal of the African-American civil rights movement in the south was to?

creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, prohibiting discrimination based on gender, banning racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public

Operation Rolling Thunder was the code name for?

American bombing raids on North Vietnam

The most serious blow to Lyndon Johnson's Vietnam policy?

was the Tet offensive of 1968.

The 1968 Democratic party convention witnessed?

a violent conflict between police and antiwar demonstrators outside the convention hall.

Hubert Humphrey lost to Richard Nixon in the 1968 presidential election partly because?


By the early 1970's, the post-world war II economic boom had crested as a result of all of the following except?

decline in the competitive advantage of American business,
the Vietnam War and a slump in productivity

The high inflation rate of 1970's was primarily the result of?

spending on social-welfare programs and the Vietnam War

Perhaps Richard Nixon's most valuable assest as he began his presidency in 1969 was his?

expertise in foreign policy

The Pentagon Papers, published in 1971?

exposed the deception (by US presidents &
their administrations) that had led USA into Vietnam War

President Nixon's chief foreign-policy adviser was?

Henry Kissinger.

Richard Nixon's policy of detente?

was designed to improve relations between the Soviet Union and China.

The decision of the supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren reflected its?

deep concern for the individual

During the senate Watergate hearings, one of the most damaging revelation for Richard Nixon was that?

his conversations in person and on the telephone had been recorded on tape

The 1973 War Powers Act?

limits Presidential powers in undeclared wars

required the president to report to Congress any commitment of American troops.

Richard Nixon finally was forced to resign as president because


President Carter believed the fundmental problem of the American Economy in the later 1970's was?

US dependence on foreign oil

The "new right" movement that helped elect Ronald Redan was spearheaded by?

evangelical Christians

Many "new rights" activist were most concerned about?

cultural or social issues

That preference in the admission policies of institutions of higher education could not be based on ethnic or racial identity alone was the supreme court's decision in?

Bakke vs. Regents of the University of California

Ronald Reagan was similar to Franklin D. Roosevelt in that both men?

championed the "common man" against vast impersonal menaces

Ronald Reagan differed from Franklin D. Roosevelt

branded big business as the enemy of the common man, while Reagan depicted big government as the foe

Conservative Democrats who helped Ronald Reagan pass his budget and tax-cutting legislation were called?

boll weevils.

Ronald Reagan brought to the presidency his major goal of?

reducing the size of the federal government

To President Reagan "the focus of evil in the modern world" was?

The Soviet Union

The 1986 Gramm-Hollings Act mandated

a balanced budget by 1991

The first women appointed to the united states Supreme Court was?

Sandra Day O'Connor

A dramatic symbol of the end of the Cold War was the?

The fall of the Berlin Wall

By 1980 the American economy was beginning to show a pattern of?


Among the emerging patterns in the national economy by the 1980's was declining?


America's economic well-being in the twenty-first century depends on harnessing?

scientific knowledge

Over the course of the twentieth century, the distribution of wealth in the united states?

had widen the gap between the rich and the poor

The group most profoundly affected by the great economic changes of the late twentieth century was?


In her book The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan discusses?

women's roles

By the 1990's the traditional family unit was weakening because?

divorce rate had increased, the number of single-parent households had risen, and "parent substitutes" had assumed the role of child-rearing (all of the above)

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965?

Abolishing immigration quotas

The latest "new immigrants" over the 1970's and 1980's?

greater than in any decade since the 1920's

The principal front on which African-Americans are still struggling for their share of the American dream is?


By 1980 the improvement of the overall situation of African-Americans could be seen in?


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