Settlement home designed as a welfare agency for needy families. It provided social and educational opportunities for working class people in the neighborhood as well as improving some of the conditions caused by poverty.
National organization set up in 1895 to work for prohibition. Later joined with the WCTU to publicize the effects of drinking.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
A major feminist prophet during the late 19th and early 20th century. She published "Women and Economics" which called on women to abandon their dependent status and contribute more to the community through the economy. She created centralized nurseries and kitchens to help get women into the work force.
one of the largest labor unions in the United States, one of the first U.S. unions to have a primarily female membership, and a key player in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s. The union, generally referred to as the "ILGWU" or the "ILG," merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union in 1995 to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE). UNITE merged in 2004 with the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union (HERE) in 2004 to create a new union known as UNITE HERE. The two unions
Socialist Party of America
formed in 1900 - This party was dedicated to the welfare of the working class. The platform called for more radical reforms such as public ownership of the RRs, utilities, and even of major industries such as oil and steel.
National American Woman Suffrage Association; founded in 1890 to help women win the right to vote
Carrie Chapman Catt
president of NAWSA, who led the campaign for woman suffrage during Wilson's administration
National Reclamation Act
backed by Roosevelt in 1902, it provided federal funds for the construction of damns, reservoirs, and canals in the West—projects that would open new lands for cultivation and provide cheap electric power later on.
The Souls of Black Folk
WEB DuBois 1903 - blacks should be treated equally. History of sociology.
The Shame of the Cities
Lincoln Steffens; revealed the prevalence of municipal corruption in a series of articles later compiled into this work.
History of the Standard Oil Company
(1904) Book written by muckraker Ida Tarbell as an expose of the Standard Oil Company. This book led to Stand Oil between dismantled by the Supreme Court in 1911
Organized in 1905 - The Industrial Workers of the World. International Union headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio. At its peak in 1923 the organization claimed some 10,000 members. The IWW contends that all workers should be united within a single union as a class and that the wage system should be abolished.
Led by W.E.B. Du Bois, that focused on equal rights and education of African American youth. Rejecting the gradualist approach of Booker T. Washington, members kept alive a program of militant action and claimed for African Americans all the rights afforded to other Americans. It spawned later civil rights movements.
head of the U.S. Forest Service under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them
This 1906 law used the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate the maximum charge that railroads to place on shipping goods.
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
Pure Food and Drug Act
Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence as the FDA.
Meat Inspection Act
Law that authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption.
Lochner v. New York
Supreme Court case that decided against setting up an 8 hour work day for bakers
passed in 1906, which allows the president to protect areas of scientific or historical interest on federal lands as national monuments
founder of functionalism; studied how humans use perception to function in our environment
Muller v. Oregon
1908 - Supreme Court upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
Signed by Taft in March of 1909 in contrast to campaign promises. Was supposed to lower tariff rates but Senator Nelson N. Aldrich of Rhode Island put revisions that raised tariffs. This split the Repulican party into progressives (lower tariff) and conservatives (high tariff).
Ballinger, who was the Secretary of Interior, opened public lands in Wyoming, Montana, and Alaska against Roosevelt's conservation policies. Pinchot, who was the Chief of Forestry, supported former President Roosevelt and demanded that Taft dismiss Ballinger. Taft, who supported Ballinger, dismissed Pinchot on the basis of insubordination. This divided the Republican Party.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality
He wrote the The Promise of American Life (1909) where he called for an activist fed govn't of the kind Hamilton had advocated in the 1790s but one that would serve all citizens, not merely the capitalist class.
1910, gave the interstate comerce commission the power to suspend new railroad rates, along with oversee telephone and cable companie; included communications
passed in 1910, it empowered the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) for the first time to initiate rate changes, extend regulation to telephone and telegraph companies and set up a Commerce Court to expedite appeals from the ICC rulings
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
In 1911 this fire broke out in NY killing hundreds of people, mostly women, who were trapped behind the doors
Bull Moose Party
The Republicans were badly split in the 1912 election, so Roosevelt broke away forming his own Progressive Party (or Bull Moose Party because he was "fit as a bull moose..."). His loss led to the election of Democratic nominee Woodrow Wilson, but he gained more third party votes than ever before.
Hague Opium Treaty
The International Opium Convention, signed at The Hague on January 23, 1912 during the First International Opium Conference, was the first international drug control treaty.
October 13, 1913 - Lowered tariffs on hundreds of items that could be produced more cheaply in the U.S. than abroad.
Federal Reserve Act
a 1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1913 that explicitly permitted Congress to levy an income tax.
1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators
Federal Trade Commission Act
1914 - This law authorized a presidentially-appointed commission to oversee industries engaged in interstate commerce, such as the meatpackers. The commissioners were expected to crush monopolies at the source.
Clayton Antitrust Act
New antitrust legislation constructed to remedy deficiencies of the Sherman Antitrust Act, namely, it's effectiveness against labor unions
1914 - forbids distribution of addictive drugs except by physicians and pharmacists
The Birth of a Nation
One of the first classic full-length "moving-pictures," it glorified the KKK and defamed blacks and carpetbaggers.
Federal Farm Loan Act
Passed by president Wilson in 1916. Was originally a reform wanted by the Populist party. It gave farmers the chance to get credit at low rates of interest.
1916 - outlawed the interstate sale of products produced by child labor; declared unconstitutional
1916 law that established 8 hour workday for railroad workers in order to avert a national strike
Workmen's Compensation Act
(1916) established an all-purpose protection program for Federal civilian employees and their dependents in the event of injury or death
He was a philosopher who believed in "learning by doing" which formed the foundation of progressive education. He believed that the teachers' goal should be "education for life and that the workbench is just as important as the blackboard."
United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood
National Park Service
created in 1916; made to help supervise the parks and monuments
1919 - prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.