AP Psych - Cognition

17 terms by wildcatenb 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

AP Psychology Barron's book vocabulary for Chapter 7: Cognition.

Iconic memory

A type of sensory memory that holds a split-second perfect photograph of a scene.

Echoic memory

A type of sensory memory that holds a split-second perfect memory for sounds.

Selective attention

The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus; determines which sensory messages get encoded into working memory.

Primacy effect

Predicts that we are more likely to recall items presented at the beginning of a list.

Recency effect

Predicts that we are more likely to recall items at the end of a list.

Semantic network theory

States that our brain might form new memories by connecting their meaning and context with meanings already in memory.

State-dependent memory

Refers to the phenomenon of recalling events encoded while in particular states of consciousness.

Constructed memory

A memory that reports false details of a real event or might even be a recollection of an event that never occurred.

Phonemes

The smallest units of sound used in a language.

Syntax

The grammar of a language.

One-word (holophrastic) stage

The stage in language acquisition during which babies speak in single words (holophrases); occurs around the first birthday.

Two-word (telegraphic speech) stage

The stage in language acquisition during which children combine the words they can say into simple commands; occurs at around 18 months of age.

Linguistic relativity hypothesis

Theory that the language we use might control, and in some ways limit, our understanding.

Images

A type of thought which consists of the mental pictures we create in our minds of the outside world; can be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or even an image of taste.

Framing

Refers to the way a problem is presented.

Convergent thinking

Thinking pointed toward one solution.

Divergent thinking

Thinking that searches for multiple possible answers to a question; closely associated with creativity.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set