A type of sensory memory that holds a split-second perfect photograph of a scene.
A type of sensory memory that holds a split-second perfect memory for sounds.
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus; determines which sensory messages get encoded into working memory.
Predicts that we are more likely to recall items presented at the beginning of a list.
Predicts that we are more likely to recall items at the end of a list.
Semantic network theory
States that our brain might form new memories by connecting their meaning and context with meanings already in memory.
Refers to the phenomenon of recalling events encoded while in particular states of consciousness.
A memory that reports false details of a real event or might even be a recollection of an event that never occurred.
The smallest units of sound used in a language.
The grammar of a language.
One-word (holophrastic) stage
The stage in language acquisition during which babies speak in single words (holophrases); occurs around the first birthday.
Two-word (telegraphic speech) stage
The stage in language acquisition during which children combine the words they can say into simple commands; occurs at around 18 months of age.
Linguistic relativity hypothesis
Theory that the language we use might control, and in some ways limit, our understanding.
A type of thought which consists of the mental pictures we create in our minds of the outside world; can be visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or even an image of taste.
Refers to the way a problem is presented.
Thinking pointed toward one solution.
Thinking that searches for multiple possible answers to a question; closely associated with creativity.