International Relations Final Exam

30 terms by kekeough

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Will cover lectures from 3-30 to 4-27 -Governing Human Rights -Global Environmental Politics -Water as a Cross-cutting issue Online readings: * Human Rights Debate * "The Tradedy of the Commons" * "Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases" * "Dehydrating Conflict" * "Water Shortages"

International Law

The body of rules which binds states and olther agents in world politics with one another

Natural law tradition

A tradition that holds that universal moral principles should form the basis for laws

Positive law tradition

A tradition that holds that laws need to take into account the ways in which people and states actually behave

World Health Organization (WHO)

A specialized United Nations agency that deals with global health concerns

Pandemics

Diseases like AIDS, the avian flu, and SARS, which spread or threaten to spread worldwide

Amnesty International

Influential human rights NGO founded in 1961 which has been very effective in highlighting human rights abuses around the world and raising the profile of human rights in international politics

Humanitarian Intervention

Uninvited interaction by externa actors into the domestic affairs of a state with the primary motive of ending or preventing violations of human rights

Unilateral intervention

Uninvited intervention by a state or small group of states into the affairs of another state without the approval or sanction of some larger international organization such as the United Nations

Multilateral intervention

Uninvited interference in the domestic affairs of another state carried out by many states with the approval or sanction of a legitimate international organization such as the UN

Popular Sovereignty

The principle that governments must derive their legitimacy from the people over whom they rule

Rule of law

The principle that laws need to be applied to all in an equal fashion.

Global warming

The problem of rising global temperatures brought on by the emission of greenhouse gases (especially carbon dioxide and methane)

Greenhouse gases

Gases resulting from the burning of fossil fuels, especially carbon dioxide (CO2), that build up in the upper atmosphere

Biodiversity

The multiple species of plant and animal life found in nature

Renewable Resources

Resources whose supply can be increased within a meaningful time frame

Nonrenewable Resources

Limited or finite resources that cannot be replace once used

Tragedy of the commons

A metaphor in which actors fail to restrain their use of common resources, eventually depleting those resources for all

Carrying capacity

The maximum level of population that the world's resourcesand environment could sustain

Neotraditionalists

Those who believe that the world is rapidly approaching (or is already at) its limits to growth

Modernists

Those who argue that even if there is a limit to the population the world can support, it is not even close to that limit

Sustainable development

An approach to economic development that tries to reconcile current economic growth and environmental protection with the needs of future generations

Resource curse

A phenomenon describing the situation when an abundance of natural resources prevents development by encouraging overvalued exchange rates, corruption, and lack of diversity into industry

Disourse

The language and representations through which we describe and understand the world

National Security

A concept the refers to the protection of the welfare of a state

Human Security

A concept that refers to the degree to which the welfare of individuals is protected and advanced

Regime effectiveness

A measure of effectiveness that focuses mainly on the treaty or convention designed to address a particular problem

Environmental effectiveness

A measure of effectiveness that focuses on the impact of a governance mechanism on the environment

Environmental justice

The justice or morality of the distribution of environments among peoples

NIMBY (Not in my backyard)

Used to express opposition by local citizens to the locating in their neighborhood of a civic project (such as a jail, garbage dump, or rehabilitation center) that, though needed by the larger community, is considered unsightly, dangerous, or likely to lead to decreased property values

Ecological justice

The justice or morality of the relationship between humans and the rest of the natural world.

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