The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion and excretion. It is located below the diaphragm and above the pelvis.
breathing that is sufficient to support life.
Also called epinephrine
occasional, gasping attempts at breathing.
The microscopic air sacs of the lungs where gas exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
A standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy, the body is standing erect, facing the observer, with arms down at the sides and palms of the hands forward.
the ballooning of a weakened section of the wall of an artery.
The front surface of the body. Opposite of posterior.
the largest artery in the body. It transports blood from the left ventricle to begin system circulation.
a structure between the left ventricle and aorta opens and closes to permit flow of a fluid in only one direction
blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart.
The smallest arteries.
connects or unites, as bones at a joint
the two upper chambers of the heart. Singular Atrium
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
The part of the nervous system that regulates functions, such as digestion and sweating, that are not controlled voluntarily.
type of joint where the ball-shaped head of one bone fits into a rounded receptacle in another bone; type of joint with greatest range of motion
on both sides
chemical that assists in the digestion of fat.
Ducts that convey bile between the liver and the intestine.
organ that stores urine until secretion
BLOOD PRESSURE (BP)
the pressure exerted by blood against the walls of blood vessels.
The major vessel in the upper arm.
the two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs. There are right and left bronchi.
smallest branches of bronchi.
tiny vessels that connect arterioles and venules
source of fuel for the body
waste gas found in the blood.
the large neck artery that carries blood from the heart to the head. There is one carotid artery on each side of the neck.
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)
The brain and the spinal cord.
One of the three major subdivisions of the brain, sometimes called the "little brain"; particularly coordinates fine body movements.
The largest part of the brain AKA "The Grey Matter". Controls movement, speech, visual perception, emotions, and personality.
vertebrae that begin at the head and meet at thoracic vertebrae
the neck of the uterus at the entrance to the vagina.
The collarbone; it is lateral to the sternum and medial to the scapula.
fused vertebrae that make up the coccyx or tailbone.
Nerves that connect the sensory and motor nerves in the spinal cord.
arteries that branch off the aorta and provide blood supply directly to the heart.
the bony structure making up the forehead, top, back and upper sides of the skull.
a ring shaped structure that circles the trachea at the lower edge of the larynx.
The inner layer of the skin, found beneath the epidermis. It is rich in blood vessels and nerves.
break down harmful substances and renders them harmless.
Farther away from the torso. Opposite of proximal.
referring to the back of the body or the back fo the hand or foot. The posterior surface of the body, including the back of the hand.
DORSALIS PEDIS ARTERY
artery supplying the foot, lateral to the large tendon of the big toe.
prefetal product of conception from implantation to the eighth week of development.
The outer layer of skin,
A thin, leaf-shaped valve that allows air to pass into the trachea but prevents food or liquid from entering.
chemical that stimulates the body in response to stress. Also called adrenalin.
elimination of waste products from the large intestine.
a passive process in which the intercostal (rib) muscle and the diaphram relax, causing the chest cavity to decrease in size and air to flow out of the lungs. Also call expiration
carries the egg from the ovary to the uterus. Female counterpart to the vas deferens.
the large bone of the thigh
the combining of a sperm and an egg. Usually occurs in the fallopian tube.
the baby as it develops in the womb.
the lateral and smaller bone of the lower leg
a fingerlike anatomical part or structure.
a sitting position
type of joint where bones meet but do not move
an organ in the form of a sac on the underside of the liver that stores bile produced by the liver.
type of joint where one bone end slides upon another
a simple form of sugar that is required by all cells as fuel for metabolic processes.
HEART RATE (PULSE)
the pumping of the heart as a pressure wave felt over an artery.
Joints that can bend and straighten but cannot rotate; they restrict motion to one plane.
chemicals involved in regulation of body function
the bone of the upper arm, between the shoulder and the elbow.
inadequate distribution of blood to an organ or organs of the body. Also called shock.
The rim, or wing, of the pelvic bone.
One of three bones that fuse to form the pelvic ring.
the attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterine lining.
breathing that is not sufficient to support life.
away from the hea; usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head. Opposite superior.
INFERIOR VENA CAVA
One of the two largest veins in the body; carries blood from the lower extremities and the pelvic and the abdominal organs into the heart.
an active process in which the intercostal (rib) muscles and the diaphragm contract, expanding the size of the chest cavity and causing air to flow into the lungs. Also call inspiration.
a hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication by many diabetics that helps the body to use glucose as fuel.
muscle that responds automtically to brain signals but cannot be consciously controlled. Also called smooth muscle.
ISLET OF LANGERHANS
a group of cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin and other hormones into the blood.
a pair of organs that filter the blood to remove excess water and waste.
organ that is a muscular tube that removes water from wast received from the small intestine and removes anything not absorbed by the body toward excretion from the body. Also called the colon.
the structure containing the vocal cords that is connected to the superior of the trachea.
to the sides, away from the midline of the body.
tissues that connect bone to bone.
produces bile to assist in breakdown of fats and assists in the metabolism of various substances in the body.
sections of the lunch. The left lung has 2 lobes and the right lung has 3 lobes.
Vertebrae of the lower back.
The bone of the lower jaw.
the two fused bones forming the upper jaw
toward the midline of the body.
The sum of all the physical and chemical processes of living organisms; the process by which energy is made available for the uses of the organism.
line drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle.
An vertical line drawn through the middle portion of the clavicle and parallel to the midline.
An imaginary vertical line drawn from the middle of the forehead through the nose and the umbilicus (navel) to the floor.
a structure between the left atrium and left ventricle that opens and closes to permit flow of a fluid in only one direction
portion of the nervous sytem that carries information from the brain through the spinal cord and to the body.
the area directly posterior to the nose.
The system that controls virtually all activities of the body, both voluntary and involuntary.
the area directly posterior to the mouth.
internal gland producing the ovum. Female counterpart to the testicles.
the release of an ovum (egg) from the ovary.
female sex cell. Female counterpart to sperm.
referring to the palm of the hand.
a gland located behind the stomach that produces insulin and produces juices that assist in digestion of food in the duodenum of the small intestine.
the basin-shaped bony structure that supports the spine and is the pointof proximal attachment for the lower extremities
external male genitalia that contains the urethra.
distribution of blood to all parts of the body to deliver oxygen and remove waste products.
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Consists of 31 pairs of spinal nerves and 12 pairs of cranial nerves. The nerves that enter and leave the spinal cord and that convey impulses to and from the central nervous system.
two thin membranes, one covering the abdominal organs and the other attached to the abdominal wall.
passageway from nose and mouth to trachea
The sole of the foot.
The back surface of the body; opposite of anterior.
lying on the stomach. Opposite of supine.
source of amino acid, the building blocks of the body.
Closer to the torso. Opposite of distal.
vessels that carry blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
a structure between the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries that opens and closes to permit the flow of a fluid in only one direction.
vessles that carry blood from the lungs to the left atrium.
The wave of pressure created as the heart contracts and forces blood out of the left ventricle and into the major arteries.
artery of the lower arm. It is felt when taking the pulse at the wrist.
the lateral bone of the forearm.
inhalation and exhlation. May also be called ventilation.
fused vertebrae the help form the pelvis.
The shoulder blades. Singular Scapula.
a semi-sitting position.
portion of the nervous sytem that carries information from the body back to the central nervous system.
The framework that gives us our recognizable form; also designed to allow motion of the body and protection of vital organs.
organ that digests solid foods and absorbs nutrients through the intestines wall. The small intestine has 3 segments; duodenum, jejunum and ileum.
SOMATIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
The part of the nervous system that regulates activities over which there is voluntary control.
male sex cell. Male counterpart to the ovum.
a series of vertebrae that are stacked one on top of the other to form the column
organ that filters the blood, including the removal of old blood cells. The spleen also creates white blood cells.
injury to a ligament
organ that receives food from the esophagus.
Muscle that has characteristic stripes, or striations, under the microscope; voluntary, or skeletal, muscle.
the deepest layer of the skin. It is fatty tissue and provides shock absorption and insulation for the body.
Closer to or on the skin.
toward the head. Opposite of inferior.
SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
One of the two largest veins in the body; carries blood from the upper extremities, head, neck, and chest into the heart.
lying on the back. Opposite of prone.
The glands that secrete sweat, located in the dermal layer of the skin.
tissues that connect muscle to bone.
A male genital gland that contains specialized cells that produce hormones and sperm.
external gland producing the sperm.
The chest or rib cage.
vertebrae that help the thoracic cage. A rib is attached to each thoracic vertebrae.
The chest cavity that contains the heart, lungs, esophagus, and great vessels (the aorta and the two venae cavae).
prominence in the anterior neck. Also called the Adam's apple.
the medial and larger bone fo the lower leg
The windpipe; the main trunk for air passing to and from the lungs. Connects pharynx to lungs.
a position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head. (also called the shock position)
The muscle in the back of the upper arm.
a structure between the right atrium and right ventricle that opens and closes to permit the flow of a fluid in only one direction.
the medial bone of the forearm.
One of the major arteries of the forearm; it can be palpated at the wrist on the ulnar side (at the base of the fifth finger).
transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
transports urine from the bladder to be excreted to the outside the bladder.
A sac behind the pubic symphysis made of smooth muscle that collects and stores urine.
The organs that control the discharge of certain waste materials filtered from the blood and excreted as urine.
the muscular abdominal organ in which the fetus develops. Also called the womb.
the birth canal. The tubular structure leading from the uterus to the outer body
carries the sperm from the testicles to the urethra.
blood vessels that cary blood TO the heart.
either of the two major veins that carry oxygen-poor blood from the body to the right atrium.
Referring to the front of the body. The anterior surface of the body.
the two lower chambers of the heart.
the smalles veins