Personality

Created by gigis1 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Personality

an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.

Free Association

the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing

Psychoanalysis

Freud's theory of personality that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions

Unconscious

according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are aware.

Id

contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.

ego

the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle. satisfying the id's desires in way that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.

Psychosexual stages

the childhood stages of development

Oral

Pleasure centers on the mouth--sucking, biting, chewing

Anal

Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control

Phallic

Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings

Latency

Dormant Sexual feelings

Genital

Maturation of sexual interests

Oedipus Complex

according to Freud, a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father

Identification

the process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos

Fixation

A lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage

Defense Mechanisms

in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality

Repression

In psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness.

Regression

Defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated

Collective Unconscious

Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history

Adler

Inferiority complex

Horney

womb envy

Psychodynamic Theory

Our mental life is unconscious; childhood shapes our personalities and ways of becoming attached to others, and that we often struggle with inner conflicts among our wishes, fears, and values

The Humanistic Perspective

emphasizes that growth potential of healthy people; includes Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

Maslow

This person believed that we were motivated by a hierarchy of needs and that we ultimately seek self-actualization.

Self-actualization

according to Maslow, the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation of fulfill one's potential

Rogers

Person believed that people nurture our growth by being genuine, accepting, and empathetic and unconditional positive regard

Unconditional Positive Regard

according to Rogers, an attitude of total acceptance toward another person

Self-concept

all our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "Who am I?" in humanistic psych

Questionnaires

Humanistic Psychologists use ________ to evaluate people.

Allport

Pioneer of Trait Psychology

Trait

____________ researchers search for identifiable patterns of behavior or conscious motives that describe basic dimensions of personality.

Fluids

Ancient Greek personalities

Melancholic

Depressed Ancient Greek personalities

Sanguine

Cheerful Ancient Greek personalities

Phlegmatic

Unemotional Ancient Greek personalities

Choleric

Irritable Ancient Greek personalities

Sheldon

Classified people by body type

Endomorph

Fat, Relaxed, Jolly

Mesomorph

Muscular, bold, and physically active

Ectomorph

skinny, high strung, solitary

Myers-Briggs Type Inventory

based off of Carl Jung's archetypes, a 126 question based on preferences

Personality Inventory

a questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits

Unstable introverted

Moody, Anxious, Rigid, Sober, Pessimistic, Reserved, Unsociable, Quiet

Stable Introverted

Passive, Careful, Thoughtful, Peaceful, Controlled, Reliable, Even-tempered, Calm

Unstable Extraverted

Touchy, Restless, Aggressive, Excitable, Changeable, Impulsive, optimistic, Active

Stable Extraverted

Sociable, Outgoing, Talkative, Responsive, Easygoing, Lively, Carefree, Leadership

Eyesnick

used extraversion-introversion and stability-instability- as axes describing personality variation

Empirically Derived Test

a test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between them

The Big Five Personality Factors

Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness

Positive Psychology

the scientific study of optimal human functioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive

Seligman

founder of positive psychology

Seligman

founder of learned helplessness

Positive Subjective Well-being

Happiness with the present, and optimism about the future define the movement's first pillar: positive subjective well-being

Positive Character

focuses on exploring and enhancing virtues virtues such as creativity, courage, compassion, integrity, self control, leadership, wisdom and spirituality

Positive Groups

seeks to foster positive social ecology, including healthy families, communal neighborhoods, effective schools, socially responsible media, and civil dialogue

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set