APUSH Ch 27 (Waging Global War 1939-1945)

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1939 Germany invades Poland

WWII begins

1939 Soviet Union Invades

Poland

1940 Germany conquers

the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Denmark, Norway, and Luxembourg

Tripartite Pact

Signed between the Axis powers in 1940 (Italy, Germany and Japan) where they pledged to help the others in the event of an attack by the US

Selective Service Act

(FDR) 1940, first peace time draft, 21 through 35 years old

Lend-Lease Act

allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S

FEPC

Fair Employment Practices Committee ; investigated charges of discrimination in army or work places

1941 Germany invades

the Soviet Union

December 7, 1941

Japanese attack on pearl harbor

December 8, 1941

United States enters WWII - declared war on Japan

War Powers Act

Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power

Battle of Coral Sea

Fought on May 7-8 1942; Caused heavy losses on both sides; Japanese won a tactical victory because they sank US carrier Lexington; Americans claimed a strategic victory by stopping Japan's drive towards Australia

Battle of Midway

U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.

Internment of Japanese Americans

1942 forcible relocation and internment of approximately 110,000 Japanese nationals and Japanese americans to housing facilities called "war relocation camps", in the wake of Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. Then justified as a security measure, but has been since deemed unjustified

Revenue Act 1942

increase individual income tax rates, corporate tax rates, and created witholding system, the income taxes with held from check

Operation Torch

Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943

CORE

1942 Congress of Racial Equality

Battle of Stalingrad

a 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union thanks to harsh winter --; turning point of war in Eastern Europe

Smith-Connally War Labor Disputes Act

Act of 1943 that authorized the government to seize plants useful to the war. It was created after coal miners went on strike in 1943 led by John l. Lewis

1943 Race Riots

In Detroit and Los Angeles

1943 Allies invade

Italy

The Big Three

FDR, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin

1943 The Big Three meet in

Tehran

Operation Overlord

the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day

GI Bill of Rights

Also known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veternas to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business

Battle of the Bulge

December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.

1945 The Big Three meet in

Yalta

Battle of Iwo Jima

lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint

Battle of Okinawa

Allied victory over Japan on an island 350 miles from mainland Japan; March-June 1945

1945 at home

Roosevelt Dies, Harry S. Truman becomes president

Germany Surrenders

V-E day
May 8, 1945

Potsdam

the place at which the three allied leaders, Truman, Stalin, and Atlee, met to discuss the distribution of Germany and the ultimatum that they would issue to Japan demanding thier immediate surrender

Japan Surrenders

V-J Day, September 2, 1945 aboard battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay

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