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the formula that indicates the composition of the drug

Select the phrase that best describes the medication's chemical name.

established when the drug is first manufactured

What is the generic name for a medication?

common name given of the drug

Which of the following is NOT true of the medication's brand name?

intramuscular, intradermal, intravenous

The group that best represents parenteral medication administration.

provide pain relief

The phrase that best describes the effect of analgesics

stop or control growth of microorganisms

What is the purpose of antibiotics?

completely eliminate sensitivity

Why are anesthetics primarily used?

the formula that indicates the composition of the drug

The phrase that best describes a medication's chemical name.

established when the drug is first manufactured

What is the generic name for a medication?

common name given of the drug

What is NOT true of a medication's brand name?

true

A local effect is a response to a medication that is confined to a specific part of the body. True or False

false

Drug action describes the change that takes place in the body as a result of the drug action. True or False

false

The drug effect occurs when the drug achieves the intended body response. True or False

true

Drugs classified as Schedule I are not considered legitimate for medical use in the United States. True or False

false

Drugs classified as Schedule III have a small potential for abuse or addiction. True or False

true

Drugs classified as Schedule II must have a written prescription for every refill. True or False

true

contraindications are circumstances under which a medication should not be taken. True or False

false

The therapeutic dose of a medication is the same for every patient. True or False

true

Diuretics increase urine secretion. True or false

true

Controlled substances are drugs that have abuse potential. True or False

false

Potentiation describes how a drug produces changes within the body. True or False

false

The abbreviation "q.i.d." means every hour. True or False

false

The abbreviation "ad lib" means to take a medication "as needed". True or False

true

In the physician order "Centrum tab q.a.m." means every morning. True or False

a life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction

How is an anaphylactic shock best described?

unexpected and potentially harmful

How are adverse reactions defined?

study of poison detection, effect, and treatment

What is the best definition of toxicology?

b.i.d.

Which abbreviation directs the patient to take the medication twice a day?

p.c.

The abbreviation that indicates after meals.

a.c.

The abbreviation that indicates before meals.

Hospital Formulary

What lists all the drugs stocked in a hospital pharmacy?

Physicians' Desk Reference

Where can information about a drug that is paid for and provided by the drug's manufacturer be found?

potentiation

Interaction of two drugs so that one prolongs or multiplies the effect of the other.

tolerance

repeated doses that decrease the response of the drug

beta-blocker

A drug that blocks the action of epinephrine at certain sites.

sedative

A drug that soothes or tranquilizes a person

hormones

Drugs that simulate naturally occurring hormones such as androgens, estrogens, progestins, and thyroid

diuretics

Drugs that increase urine secretion

contraindication

A special symptom or circumstance that indicates that the use of a particular drug or procedure is dangerous or not advised

anesthetic

A drug agent that partially or completely numbs or eliminates sensitivity with or without loss of consciousness

antihistamines

Drugs that block the action of histamine, a substance that cause allergic reactions

cumulation

This occurs when a repeated dose is given before a previous dose has been completed excreted

hypnotics

Drugs used to induce sleep

antiemetic

Drugs that prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting

antitussive

Drugs that relieve coughs

in the mouth next to the cheek

A buccal medication is one that is placed

as needed

If an antitussive is prescribed to be taken "p.r.n.", when should it be taken?

Tab

tablet

p.o.

by mouth (per os)

t.i.d.

three times a day

a.c.

before meals

Tylenol

an analgesic to relieve pain and is acetaminophen

Aleve

anti-inflammatory to counteract inflammation in the body and is naproxen sodium

oral

tablets, capsules, syrups

rectal

suppositories

inhalation

sprays, mists, steam vapor

topical

lotions, creams, ointments

Buccal

tablet

vaginal

suppository, cream, foam, tablet

transdermal

adhesive backed disk

intradermal

skin testing for allergies

intramuscular

antibiotics

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