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gestational diabetes

What is diabetes associated with pregnancy?

dwarfism

What is the disorder caused by a deficiency of the GH?

gigantism

What is the condition caused by hypersecretion of the human growth hormone after puberty?

virilism

Which term best describes the development of masculine physical traits in a woman?

exophthalmia

What is an abnormal outward protrusion of the eyes known as?

myxedema

What is the most severe form of hypothyroidism in an adult called?

goiter

What is simple hyperplasia of the thyroid gland known as?

Hashimoto's disease

What diagnosis best describes an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland?

thyroid crisis

What is another term for thyroid storm?

adenopathy

The term that best describes any disease of a gland?

hirsutism

Which term best describes excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern in a female?

Graves' disease

Select the eponym associated with hyperthyroidism

acute pancreatitis

Which pancreatic diagnosis exhibits symptoms ranging from mild pancreatic edema to massive necrotizing pancreatic hemorrhage?

Cushing's syndrome

What condition is associated with excessive amounts of cortisol or ACTH circulating in the bloodstream?

myxedema

Hypothyroidism causing lethargy, slow speech, and nonpitting edema is:

hyperkalemia

Excessive potassium in the blood is called:

parathyroid gland

The gland that regulates the amount of calcium in the blood is the

pituitary

Gigantism and dwarfism are both a result of improper functioning of hormones of which of the following glands?

diabetes

an endocrinologist would treat patients who suffer from:

Addison's disease

The condition that may be characterized by increased pigmentation of the skin is:

true

The term glycosuria describes the presence of sugar in the urine. True or False

false

Excessive thirst, also called polyphagia is a classic symptom of diabetes mellitus. True or False

false

Hypothyroidism is a term that describes a normally functioning thyroid gland. True or False

true

Luteinizing hormone is necessary for female ovulation. True or False

true

Mary Jones should see an endocrinologist for her Cushing's Syndrome. True or False

true

Adrenaline is another name for epinephrine. True or False

true

Individuals with Type 2 DM require insulin injections to control the disease. True or False

false

Thyroid function tests include T3. T4, and GTT. True or False

true

A thyroid function test that evaluates the function of the thyroid by administering radioactive iodine is a RAIU. True or False

false

Type I diabetes usually appears in adults after the age of 40. True or False

fasting blood sugar

FBS

glucose tolerance test

GTT

non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

NIDDM

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

IDDM

basal metabolic rate

BMR

pancreas

gland containing islets of Langerhans and producing digestive enzymes

goiter

enlargement of the thyroid gland

myxedema

hypothroidism with lethargy, weakness, edema, slow speech

tetany

low parathyroid activity, with continual contraction of the muscles

polyphagia

excessive eating

hormone

gland in neck that uses iodine to produce its hormones

acromegaly

disease with overgrowth of face and hands from over production of growth hormone in adult

thymus gland

gland in thorax that secretes hormones

hirsutism

excessive hair growth accompanying endocrine imbalance

adrenal gland

gland located above kidney, producing cortical and medullary hormones

thyroid gland

gland in neck that uses iodine to produce its hormones

goiter and Graves' disease

Two of the most common disorders of hyperthyroidism

thyroid gland

Exophthalmos is a disorder caused by hypersecretion

tetany

hypoparathyroidism can cause

pancreas

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder caused by malfunction of the

dipsia

suffix that means thirst

on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland

The parathyroid glands are located

parathyroid

The gland that helps regulate the level of calcium in the blood

myxedema

Disorder caused by hyposecretion from the thyroid gland

hirsutism

The term for abnormal hairiness

pituitary gland

The master gland of the endocrine system

gigantism

Hypersecretion of human growth hormone (GH) by the pituitary before puberty resulting in abnormal and accelerated growth is

acromegaly

Hypersecretion of GH that causes overgrowth of the hands and feet, abnormal thickening of the bones of the face, the excessive overgrowth of soft tissue, occurring after puberty

cretinism

A congenital hypothyroid condition that causes mental and growth retardation in infant or young child

hypoparathyroidism

Insufficient secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) by the parathyroid gland

gestational diabetes mellitus

Diabetes, which has its onset during pregnancy

potassium

Hyperkalemia is an excessive concentration of _____ in the blood

growth hormone

Pituitary dwarfism occurs because of a lack of

oxytocin

Which hormone is relased from the posterior lobe of the pituitary?

polydipsia

Excessive thirst, as seen in diabetes

abnormal protrusion of eyeballs

The thyroid patient with exophthalmos is noted to have

thyroid

The name of Hashimoto is associated with disease of the ____

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