the social process by which culture is transmitted between generations; learned by example
acquisition of a formal body of knowledge often in a place called a school
deciding rationally what or what not to believe/careful and deliberate determination of whether to accept, reject, or suspend judgment
individuals ability to fulfill their potential in society. Easier when born higher up in the 'system'
externalities that have a direct affect on a person's life chances
10,000 hours in a short time and no summers because the people with low income would lose knowledge
the phenomenon of interpreting and judging phenomena by standards inherent to one's own culture. Occurs when people of a culture make assumptions about conventions, including conventions of language, notation, proof and evidence
unequal distribution of goods and services; becomes a source of conflict.
Open (achieved) System
earn your place; U.S.A.
Closed (ascribed) System
born in place; Hindu caste system
social honor (hindu caste system)
when you can get resources to do what you want them to do
accumulation of material resources or access to the resources
The American Dream
you can achieve anything if you work hard enough for it
the cultural knowledge of the supernatural that people use to cope with ultimate problems (meaning of life, death, good and evil, values) of human existence
social process that helps to order society and provide its members with unity, meaning, peace of mind and a degree of control
something you find in all cultures
set of principles or beliefs about the creation of universe, origin of society, relation of individuals to each other, human kind to nature, nature of life and earth
creates order and meaning, establishes moral codes, position in society and profound loss (death)
players attempt to reduce their chance of feeling uncertain, brings order to the world, turns into a ritual, grow out of good performances
opposite of rituals' comes from Polynesian word meaning prohibition, breaking leads to bad luck, grow out of bad performances
material objects believed to embody supernatural power that can aid or protect the owner, ex: good luck charms
discriminating against someone based on sex
discrimination against gender identity
unequal distribution of rewards between men and women; males are dominant (privileged)
hatred towards women
hatred of people
political system ruled by men in which women have inferior social and political status including basic human rights
political system ruled by women in which men have inferior social and political status including basic human rights
male=normative (his, he, etc.)
men:bachelor; Mr. (can't tell if married or not)
women: spinster, widow; Miss (single) Mrs. (married) Ms. (can't tell if married or not)
the theory or believe in the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes
language constrains thought. Identity is used as an insult. Ex: ethnicity, "playing like a girl" "that's so gay" "you're being Jewish" "that's retarded"
people born within the same life=span that go through major life activities together
Baby Boomer I
→Assassinations of MLK, JFK and RFK
→Walk on moon
Baby Boomers II (Generation Jones)
→Not as many babies
→Fall of Berlin wall
→Divorce and 'mothers' in work force
→Self-confident: 'cocky' in workplace
→Helicopter parent- tries to control what their child does
the complex system of culturally defined relationships based on marriage, and birth. Can also be socially defined
functions to guide inheritance, group loyalty, and the formation of families and extended kinship groups
links relatives through males only
links relatives through females only
links a person to kin through both males and females simultaneously
married to one person at a time
one man with multiple wives. Benefits of this can be having more kids, helps with labor, also shows high status in many countries
one woman with multiple husbands. Benefit can be to limit the amount of children in the family
multiple spouses, but one at a time, U.S. has this
a physical condition related to chromosomes and external sex characteristics. Male, Female, intersex.
4% of population. Born with chromosomes of both sexes, external sex characteristics inconsistent with the typical definition of male and female
all the traits a culture assigns to men and women. NOT sexuality. Scale from masculine to feminine.
someone who's gender identity generally matches w/ what is assigned culturally for their sex
identity doesn't match up to physical
someone who's gender identity consistently differs from assigned sex - some choose to undergo reassignment surgery. Transexual is an "umbrella term"
tasks and activities that a culture assigns to men and women. Example: certain jobs
Male: stronger, protectors, reckless, egocentric/selfish, stoic/cold, silent, providers
Females: weaker, damsel in distress, patient/careful, caring/nurturing, emotional/crybabies, dramatic, needy, takers, chatty, understanding
marked differences in male and female biologies other than sex characteristics. ex: weight, height, strength
when a stereotype is internalized to the point where it effects the person's performance
the patterned way in which a person views or expresses the sexual component of his or her personality. A person's habitual, sexual attraction to and activities with persons of the opposite sex (heterosexual), the same sex (homosexual), or both sexes (bisexual). Also can be described as "Sexual Orientation"
a way of life for persons who desire and have sex with people of the same sex, women in this case
a way of life for persons who desire and have sex with people of the same sex, men in this case
a person's habitual sexual attraction to and sexual activity with persons of both sexes
in contemporary usage - used as an inclusive unifying term. Can be taken positively or negatively.
trying to figure out where they fall on the spectrum
supportive of the LGBT community
base assumption that heterosexuality is the norm.
the fear or hatred toward LGBT community. An ethnocentric reaction of heterosexuals who believe their sexual orientation is natural or the best.
a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities
People 1st language
used to show that a disability is something that is a part of a person not something that defines who they are. If this language isn't used other words can be considered dehumanizing and can lead to stereotypes.
disability you cannot see, people sometimes try to keep this hidden. Ex: the spoon theory
how we talk in public, refraining from using disrespectful speech because you never know who is listening
the accelerating links between nations and people in a world system connected economically, politically, and by modern media and transportation
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
written in response to WWII and Holocaust, most translated book in the world