Solids, Liquids, and Gases

Created by peterssm 

Upgrade to
remove ads

solid

definite shape and volume

types of solids

crystalline and amorphous

crystalline solids

particles form a regular, repeating pattern and melt at a specific temperature

amorphous solids

particles are not arranged in a regular pattern and do not melt at a distinct temperature

liquid

definite volume, but no definite shape

particles in a liquid

packed close, but move freely around one another

surface tension and viscosity

properties of liquids

high

a liquid that flows slowly is said to have this type of viscosity

low

a liquid that flows quickly is said to have this type of viscosity

gases

no definite shape or volume

melting

a solid gains thermal energy and changes to a liquid

freezing

when a liquid loses thermal energy and changes to a solid

vaporization

takes place when the particles in a liquid gain enough energy to form a gas

evaporation

vaporization that occurs only on the surface of the liquid

boiling

when vaporization takes place inside as well as outside of a liquid

air pressure

the boiling point of a substance depends on the ________________________ above

condensation

occurs when particles in a gas lose enough thermal energy to form a liquid

sublimation

occurs when the surface particles of a solid gain enough energy that they form a gas

dry ice or frozen carbon dioxide

examples of sublimation

volume, temperature, pressure

three ways gases are measured

boyle's law

when the pressure of a gas at constant temperature is increased, the volume of the gas decreases

raises

increasing temperature does this to pressure

charles's law

when the temperature of a gas in increased at constant pressure, its volume increases

raises

increasing temperature does this to volume

directly proportional

according to charles's law, volume is ________________________________ to temperature

inversely

according to boyle's law, pressure varies ________________________ with its volume

responding variable

vertical axis of a graph

manipulated variable

horizontal axis of a graph

pressure

the force of its outward push divided by the area of the walls of the container

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set