BHS CST Prep Vocab
|Flashback||An incident that occurred prior to the main time frame of stories action. When a story or novel goes back in time.|
|metaphor|| A comparison between two UNLIKE things NOT using "like" or "as." |
Example: You are a ray of sunshine.
|connotation|| The feeling/mood a word evokes.|
*Negative, neutral (no emotion)
|Tone||The writer or speakers attitude; the mood of a text.|
|Personification|| Giving human qualities to a NON-living thing.|
Example: The run down house appeared depressed. The car engine cleared its throat.
|narrator|| The teller of the story.|
1st person point of view, "I,me, my,we,us, our";
3rd person point of view, "they, them, their."
|MLA format|| 1. double-spacing|
2. 1-inch margins
3. 12 point font
4. Indent second line of citation
|hyperbole||An exaggeration that is not meant to be taken literally; such as, "I am as hungry as a horse."|
|allegory||A fable; such as, "The Never Cry Wolf" tale where it teaches you to not tell lies.|
|parallelism|| Always maintain the same verb-tense in sentences.|
Incorrect: Jenny hit the ball, dropping the bat, and ran to first base.
Correct: Jenny hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base.
|precise language|| No contractions. No slang. Educated words.|
1. The neighborhood had a lot of landscaping.
Which word would best replace " a lot of" to make the sentence more precise.
|comma|| 1.Use BEFORE "and, but,"when separating two complete sentences. |
Example: He is nice, but he is not perfect.
2. Use to separate a list of three or more things.
3. Used to section off (before/after) an appositive/descriptive phrase.
1. Joins compound words: death-defying.
2. Joins compound numbers: twenty-four.
1. Joins two sentences that share a similar idea.
Example: John is a good student; he works hard.
1.After a salutation in a business letter.
Dear Mayor Lewis:
2.To introduce a list of 3 or more things, except
after the words "for" or "are."
|active voice|| When a question asks you for the best revision, always check to see which choice has the "SUBJECT" |
mentioned first, then the "VERB."
|genre||Type of writing. Fiction=not real. Non-fiction=real. Poem, novel, short story, etc.|
|stanza||The "paragraph" of poetry. Each chunk is a new _________. Yes, poems can be just one ______.|
|figurative|| A deeper meaning than the word's original definition. |
Example: My friend says I'm a parasite because I always borrow money from him.
|works cited||A list of all sources used to write a research paper in MLA format.|
|book citation|| HINT: Always look at the title and if it is italicized or underlined, then it is a book. (Sorry, unsure how to italicize or underline the title below, but it is |
Chaos: Making a New Science".)
Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New
York: Penguin, 1987. Print.
|magazine citation|| HINT: Always look at the title and if it is in quotation marks, it is an article (magazine or |
newspaper).NOTICE the article "of" in the title is NOT capitalized.
Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York
Times 21 May 2007 late ed.:A1 Print.
|Foreshadowing|| Hints or clues about what will happen later in the story or literary work.|
Why do I get the feeling you will be the death of me?
|passive voice|| The subject is being acted upon and is NOT doing the action.|
The letter was mailed by Marilyn.