Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico., British passanger ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat in 1915; 1200 people died and 128 Americans died.
Woodrow Wilson's peace plan, set out before war ended, helped bring it to and end because it helped Germans look forward to peace and be willing to surrender, was easy on the germans punishment for war. Points included: poeple all over the world are to determine their own fate, (self-determination)no colonial powers grabbing nations, free trade, no secret pacts, freedom of the seas, arms reduction, creation of world orginization/League of Nations., March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.
The peace treaty between Allies and Germany that formally ended WW1 on June 19, 1919., Woodrow Wilson's peace plan, set out before war ended, helped bring it to and end because it helped Germans look forward to peace and be willing to surrender, was easy on the germans punishment for war. Points included: poeple all over the world are to determine their own fate, (self-determination)no colonial powers grabbing nations, free trade, no secret pacts, freedom of the seas, arms reduction, creation of world orginization/League of Nations.
Treaty of Versailles
an international organazation up after World War I to prevent futer wars, the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Leauge of Nations
an international organazation up after World War I to prevent futer wars
heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI
Kaiser Wilhem I
Emeror of the united germany, allowed Bismark to make many decisions
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
payment for damages after a war
A plan Germany had to attack france, Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Siberian peasant monk who was religious advisor in the court of Nicholas II
Headed the Provisional Government in 1917. Refused to redistribute confiscated landholdings to the peasants. Thought fighting the war was a national duty.
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
The widespread arrests and executions of over a million people by Josef Stalin between 1936 and 1938. Stalin was attempting to eliminate all opposition to his rule of the Soviet Union.
the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
Party set up by Mussolini to gain power
the act of appeasing (as by acceding to the demonds of)
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Germany, Italy, Japan
Great Britain, France, Russia
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
founded fascism and ruled Italy for almost 21 years, most of that time as dictator. He dreamed of building Italy into a great empire, but he led his nation to defeat in World War II (1939-1945) and was executed by his own people.
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
a Canadian town in northern Manitoba on Hudson Bay
prejudice against Jews
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
Laws that classified a jew as someone having one or more jewish grandparent
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)
Spanish general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until his death (1892-1975)
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
Charles De Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
naval battle of World War II (June 1942)
Lend Lease Act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris