Irreversible cessation of ALL vital functions.
Sound made by a moribund person caused by air passing through a residue of mucous in the trachea and posterior oral cavity.
The semi-convulsive twitches which ofter occur before death.
Condition in which the manifestation of life are feebly maintained.
Body of a deceased person, including cremated remains.
Those elements remaining after the cremation of a dead human body. (Cremains)
Dead human body used for medical purposes
*most medical schools keep cadavers for a minimum of 2 years.
The study of death.
Death of an organism as a whole; Failure of one of three organs: Heart, Brain and/or Lungs.
Post-Mortem Cellular Death
Death of the individual cells of the body; Death of individual cells will occur AFTER somatic death.
Factors Influencing Postmortem Cellular Death
a) cause of death. i.e.: gangrene
b) environmental condition. i.e.: extreme cold or heat.
c) condition of body itself. i.e.: large muscles, anorexia
d) medication proceeding death.
Anti-mortem Cellular death example
Necrosis such as in a Decubitus Ulcer (bedsore) or gangrene
The separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial and/or autolytic enzymes.
*considered the most reliable sign of death
Cessation of Circulation & Respiration
Postmortem cooling of the body to the temperature of the environment surrounding it.
Liver Mortis (Cadaveric Lividity)
The postmortem, intravascular, red-blue discoloration resulting from the hypostasis of blood.
*can be removed with normal arterial injection & venous drainage.
Within the vessels.
The setteling of the blood.
The postmortem temporary stiffening of the body muscles due to natural chemical body processes.
Complete Muscular Relaxation
At death, the muscles do not function; One of the first muscles to relax are the sphincter muscles.
Changes of the eye
Clouding of the cornea & loss of luster; Flattening of the eyeball; Pupil dose not respond to light.
Tests for Death
Any procedure used to prove a sign of death.
A medical instrument for listening to the almost inaudible sounds generated inside the body.
Medical instrument for examining the retina of the eye and explore blood circulation.
A graphical record of electrical activity of the brain.
Final cause of cellular death.