Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
groups that share in some parts of the dominant culture but have their own distinctive values, norms, language, and/or material culture
The physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools ,campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture
ideas, knowledge and beliefs that influence people's behavior
Entertainment spread by mass communications and enjoying wide appeal. (p. 897)
A culture group that constitutes the original inhabitants of a territory, distinct from the dominant national culture, which is often derived from colonial occupation.
loss of uniqueness of a place
Vernacular culture region
A place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identy.
a biased approach to the study of management, which assumes that principles of good management are universal, and that ones that work well in the United States will apply equally well in other nations.
spread or advance of one culture at the expense of others or imposition on other cultures which it modifies, replaces, or destroys.
an effort to protect regional and national cultures from the homogenizing impacts of globalization, especially the penetrating influence of U.S. culture
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
diffusion in which image takes precedence over practicality (ie. ranch style house)
a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition
accepted or habitual practice
an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion
includes many diffrent counties that have certain traits in common
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).
activities and behaviors that people repeatedly practice
A collective of culture regions sharing related culture systems; a major world area having sufficient distinctiveness to be perceived as set apart from other realms in terms of cultural characteristics and complexes.
Heartland, source area, innovation center, place of origin of a major culture
cultural influences determine the behaviors and personalities of people
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
Referred to as a Universalizing Religion, which is an attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location. There are three religions that practice this they are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. To proselytize is to try to convert another person to your religion. This important to HG because these are three of the biggest religions in the world they are practiced all over the world.
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated
belief in one god
religion in which there is a belief in many gods.
A strand within most major religions that emphasizes purity of faith and is not open to blending with other religions
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control
seeks followers from all over the world
Special forms of ethnic religions distinguished by their small size, their unique identity with localized culture groups not yet fully absorbed into modern society, and their close ties to nature.
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
The Spread of Religious Beliefs by Personal Contact
The unique way in which each culture uses it's particular physical environment; Those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life - Food, clothing, shelter, and defense
The Study of the influence of religious belief on habitat modification
(philosophy) a doctrine explaining phenomena by their ends or purposes
The idea that Earth is a living system
Religious journeys to the Holy Land.
Places sacred to certain groups
religious teachers sent to convert natives to christianity
a person who does not acknowledge your God
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
the belief in government by divine guidance
boundaries between the major religions
boundaries within a single major faith
the mental faculty or power of vocal communication
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
a common language used by speakers of different languages
families that have a language
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
person who speeks several languages
the limits of areal extent of particular words
linguistic refugee areas
An area protected by isolation or inhospitable environmental conditions in which a language or dialect has survived
an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values
knowing only one language
The Description part of many okace-names, often repeated throughout a culture area
a governmentally designated language of instruction, of government, of the courts, and other official public and private communication
a language substantially uniform with respect to spelling, grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary and representing the approved community norm of the tongue
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.
new languages are formed when a language breaks into dialects
collapsing of two language into one.
Replacing a language
To reverse any reconstruction attepmted
theory of how proto-inko european spread into europe that speakers spread westward on horseback
three areas in and around fertile crescent, gave rise to three language families.
countries in which only one language is spoken
a state that uses many languages
a canal for a current of water, an idea used to divide humankind into categories based upon skin color and other physical characteristics.
discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
people of the same race or nationality who share a distinctive culture
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
The best place for social contact
A sizeable area inhabited by an ehnic minority that exhibits a strong sense of attachment to the region and often exercises some measure of politcal and social control over it
small, usually rural and ethnically homogeneous enclaves situated within a larger and more diverse cultural context.
Regional Cultural Distinctiveness that remains following the assimilation of an ethnic homeland
an area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background
a small area occupies by a distinctive minority culture
an urban area in a Spanish-speaking country
The process by which immigrant ethnic groups lose certain aspects of their traditional culture in the process of settling overseas, creating a new culture that is less complex than the old
A Complex of adaptice traits and skills possessed in advance of migration by a group, giving them survival ability and competitve advantage in occupying the new environment
= the many forms and practices that define how a nation shops for, cooks, and consumes its food