English Second Semester Exam

93 terms by bunnybop57 

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Abate

to make less in amount, degree

Accrue

to grow or accumulate over time

Acrimonius

stinging, bitter in temper or tone

Anathema

an object of intense dislike

Annotation

a critical or explanatory note or comment, esp. for a literary work

Aspersion

a damaging or derogatory statement

Avarice

a greedy desire, particularly for wealth

Beneficent

performing acts of kindness or charity

Cadaverous

pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse

Cajole

to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice

Castigate

to punish severely

Contingent

likely but not certain to happen, possible

Contingent

likely but not certain to happen, possible

Corpulent

fat

Covert

hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret

Dun

to demand insistently, especially in payment of a debt

Efficacious

Effective, producing results

Fortuitous

Accidental, occurring by a happy chance

Imperious

overbearing, arrogant

Invective

a strong denunciation or condemnation

Munificent

extremely generous, lavish

Provocative

tending to produce a strong feeling or response

Recondite

exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding

Sedentary

characterized by or calling for continued sitting

Culpable

deserving blame, worthy of condemnation

Dilatory

tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt

Egregious

conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)

Equivocate

to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation

Irresolute

unable to make up one's mind, hesitating

Novice

one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)

Penury

extreme poverty

Recapitulate

to review a series of facts

Supposition

something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence

Torpid

inactive, sluggish, dull

Ennui

weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation nor interest, boredom

Heinous

very wicked, offensive, hateful

Immutable

not subject to change, constant

Transmute

to change from one nature, substance, or form to another

Disconcert

to confuse

Mitigate

to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity

Pillage

to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder

Punctilious

very careful and exact, attentive of fine points of etiquette or propriety

Vulnerable

open to attack

Disavow

to deny responsibility for or connection with

Hypothetical

based on assumption or guess

Impugn

to call into question

Odium

hatred, contempt

Subservient

subordinate in capacity or role

Anomalous

abnormal,irregular, departing from the usual

Infraction

a breaking of a law or obligation

Discursive

passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic

Dowdy

poorly dressed, shabby

Palpable

capable of being touched or felt

Pernicious

extremely harmful

Salient

leaping, jumping, or springing forth

Satiate

to satisfy completely

Expurgate

to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text

Heresy

an opinion different from accepted belief

Sinecure

a position requiring little or no work

Specious

deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit

Surreptitious

stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation

Alliteration

the recurrence of initial consonant sounds. The repetition is usually limited to two words

Allusion

a causal and brief reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event

Antithesis

Establishing a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure

Apostrophe

the direct address of a person or personified thing, either present or absent.

Assonance

the use of similar vowel sounds repeated in successive or proximate words containing different consonants

Blank Verse

Unrhymed iambic pentameter

Conceit

an elaborate, usually intellectually ingenious poetic comparison or image, such as an analogy or metaphor in which, say a beloved is compared to a ship, planet, etc.

End-Stopped

a line that has a natural pause at the end (period, comma, etc.)

Foot

the basic unit of meter consisting of a group of two or three syllables; most frequently used in poems

Free verse

a verse that has neither regular rhyme nor regular meter; often uses cadences rather than uniform metrical feet

Heroic Couplet

two lines of rhyming iambic pentameter.

Humanism

the new emphasis in the Renaissance on human culture, education and reason, sparked by a revival of interest in classical Greek and Roman literature, culture, and language

Humours

In medieval physiology, four liquids in the human body affecting behavior

Hyperbole

Exaggeration used for emphasis; can be used to heighten effect, to catalyze recognition, or to crate a humorous perception

Irony

a mode of expression, through words (verbal irony) or events (irony of situation), conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expectation

Metaphor

a comparison which imaginatively identifies one thing with another dissimilar thing, and transfers or ascribes to the first thing (the tenor or idea) some of the qualities of the second (the vehicle or image)

Metaphysical Poetry

the term metaphysical was applied to a style of 17th century poetry first by John Dryden and later by Dr. Samuel Johnson because of the highly intellectual and often abstruse imagery involved

Meter

the rhythmic pattern that emerges when words are arranged in such a way that their stressed and unstressed syllables fall into a more or less regular sequence

Metonymy

another form of metaphor, very similar to synecdoche (and, in fact, some rhetoricians do not distinguish between the two), in which a closely associated object is substituted for the object or idea in mind

Mock Epic

treating a frivolous or minor subject seriously, especially by using the machinery and devices of the epic (invocations, descriptions of armor, battles, extended similes),etc.

Onomatopoeia

the use of words which in their pronunciation suggest their meaning.

Oxymoron

a paradox reduced to words, usually in an adjective-noun or adverb-adjective relationship, and is used for effect, to emphasize contrasts, incongruities, hypocrisy, or simply the complex nature of reality

personification

the metaphorical representation of an animal or inanimate object as having human attributes

Rhyme

the similarity between syllable sounds at the end of two or more lines

Satire

a manner of writing that mixes a critical attitude with wit and humor in an effort to improve mankind and human institutions

Simile

a direct, expressed and comparison between two things essentially unlike each other, but resemble each other in at least one way

Sonnet

a fourteen line poem, usually in iambic pentameter, with a varied rhyme scheme.

Symbol

something that is itself and yet also represents something else, like an idea

Synecdoche

a form of metaphor in which the part stands for the whole, the whole for a part, the genus for the species, the species for the genus, the material for the thing made, or in short, any portion, section, or main quality for the whole thing itself (or vice versa)

Tone

the writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject

Versification

generally, the structural form of a verse, as revealed by scansion

Consonance

is a stylistic device, most commonly used in poetry and songs, characterized by the repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession,

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