the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds through a sequence of words- for example, "while I Nodded Nearly Napping" in Edgar Allan poe's "The Raven"
the repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of words with different endings- for example "the deAth of the poEt was kEpt from his poEms" in W.H. Auden's "In Memory of W.B Yeats"
a verse narrative that is, or originally was, meant to be sung. Characterized by repetition and often by a refrain (recurrent phrase or series of phrases), ballads were originally a folk creation, transmitted orally from person to person and age to age
the metrical verse form most like everyday human speech; consists of unrhymed lines IN IAMBIC PENTAMETER. Many of Shakespeare's plays are in this
literally, "sieze the day" in Latin, a common theme of literary works that emphasize the brevity of life and the need to make the most of the present. Ex: "To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell
a group of actors in a drama who comment on and describe the action. In classical or greek theater, members of the chorus often wore masks and relied on song, dance and recitation to make their commentary
as derived from Aristotle's Poetics, the three principles of structure that require a play to have one plot (unity of action) that occurs in one place (unity of place) and within one day (unity of time)
poetry in which the words on the page are arranged to look like an object; also called shaped verse. George Herbert's "Easter Wings" for example is arranged to look like two pairs of wings
what is suggested by a word, apart from what it literally means or how it is defined in the dictionary
two consecutive lines of a verse linked by rhyme and meter;
a words direct and literal meaning, as opposed to its connotation
choice of words, is often described as either informal or colloquial if it resembles everyday speech, or as formal if it is instead lofty, impersonal and dignified. tone is determined largely through this
a literary genre consisting of works in which action is performed and all words are spoken before an audience by an actor or actors impersonating the characters
a type or subgenre of poetry in which a speaker addresses a silent auditor or auditors in a specific situation and setting that is revealed entirely through the speaker's words; this kind of poems primarily aim is the revelation of the speakers personality, views and values
a poem structured so as to present a scene or series of scenes as in a work of drama
1. since the Renaissance, usually a formal lament on the death of a particular person, but focusing mainly on the speaker's efforts to come to terms with his or her grief; 2. more broadly, and lyric in sorrowful mood that takes the death as its primary subject. EX: "In Memory of W.B. Yeats"
a line of verse that contains or concludes a complete clause and usually ends with a punctuation mark
in poetry, a technique of running over from one line to the next without stop
a long poem that celebrates, in a continuous narrative, the achievements of mighty heroes and heroines, usually in founding a nation or developing a culture, and uses elevated language and a grand, high style
a quotation appearing at the beginning of a literary work or of one section of such work
the basic unit of a poetic meter, consisting of any various fixed patterns of one to three stressed and unstressed syllables. A foot may contain more than one word or just one syllable of a multisyllabic word
poetry characterized by varying line lengths, lack of traditional meters and nonrhyming lines
a poetic form, Japanese in origin, that consists of seventeen syllables arranged in three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables respectively
referring to a metrical form in which each foot consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one; this type of foot is an iamb
the most common poetic meter in English, a metrical form in which most lines consist of five iambs
a form of understatement in which one negates the contrart of what one means, EX: "not bad" and so on
originally, a poem meant to be sung to the accompaniment of a lyre; now any relatively short poem in which the speaker expresses his or her thoughts and feelings in the first person rather than recounting a narrative or portraying a dramatic situation
the more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. this is determined by the kind of foot and by the number of feet per line
1. a speech of more than a few sentences, usually in a play but also in other genres, spoken by one person and uninterrupted by the speech of anyone else or 2. an entire work consisting of this sort of speech.
takes place entirely within the mind of a character rather than being spoked aloud
narrative poem/ structure
a poem that tells a story
a word capturing or approximating the sound of what it describes; ex: buzz
a line of poetry with five feet
one of the three major genres of imaginative literature, which has its origins in music and oral performance and is characterized by controlled patterns of rhythm and syntax; compression and compactness and allowance for ambiguity, a particularly concentrated emphasis on the sensual, especially visual and aural, qualities and effects of the words and word order, and especially vivid, often figurative language
in drama, an object used on the stage
repetition or correspondence of the terminal sounds of words.
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem, often noted by small letters such as ABAB or ABBA
the modulation of weak and strong elements in the flow of speech. in most poetry written before the twentieth century, rhythm was often expressed in meter; in prose and in free verse, rhythm is present but in a much less predictable and regular manner
a section or subdivision of a play or narrative that presents a continuous action in one setting
the design, decoration, and scenery of the stage during a play
a monologue in which the character in a play is alone onstage and thinking out loud, as in the famous Hamlet speech that begins "to be or not to be"
a fixed verse form consisting of fourteen lines usually in iambic pentameter.
eight rhymelinked lines plus six rhymelinked lines often with either an ABBAABBA CDECDE or ABBACDDC DEFDEF rhyme scheme, also called the petrarchan sonnet
consists of three quatrains and a couplet and often rhymes ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
the words in the printed text of a play that inform the director, crew, actors, and readers how to stage, perform, or imagine the play. they are not spoken aloud and may appear at the beginning of a play, before any scene or attached to a line of dialogue; they are often set in italics. the place and time of the action, the design of the set itself and at times the characters actions or tone of voice given through stage directions and interpreted but the group of people who put on a performance
a section of a poem, marked by an extra line spacing before and after, that often has a single pattern of meter and/or rhyme.
a secondary plot in a work of fiction or drama
word order, the way words are put together to form phrases, clauses and sentences
a particular type of subplot, especially in Shakespeare's plays, that is parodic or highly romantic version of the main plot