Cowan and Rosenhan
listen to tape of friend dying. group 1- focus on self. group 2- focus on friend. Group 2 was more likely to help others
Isen and others
People got a free sample. They were happy that they got free stuff so they were more likely to help others. As time went by, happiness wore off and helping declined.
Batson and Amad
People in potential conflict are more trusting and cooperative when they feel empathy for others
Latne and Darley
bystandard effect. If there are many people and there is smoke, people are less likely to go and tell someone. If a person is by themselves, they are more likely to stand up and tell someone.
Darley and Batson
good samaritan experiment. one group was told they had 30 minutes, the other group was told they had a lot of time. The group that was told they had a lot of time were more likely to help. People help when they have more time.
women receive more help, ask for more help and are interdependent.
Bobo doll experiment. The child that was watching more TV was more aggressive towards the doll.
after watching an aggressive film, college men were shocking others more when they got the wrong answer, especially towards women.
video game violence
Jaffe and others
group gave higher shock
Meir and Hinsz
group gave and got more hot sauce
Hungenburg and Bodenhausen
prejudice people saw anger in the face spectrum longer than those less prejudice, especially in the black faces
facial muscle indicated more frowning with outgroup
stereo-type threat. one group was told that people of their ethnicity did not do well in the testing and the other group was told nothing. The group that was told that they would do badly did not do well. The concern that they will do negative because of their stereotype.
Robert's cave experiment- equal status. 3 week summer camp. They go off and split into their own groups. They have ingroup bias and competition towards other group. They are all of the same race (equal status). Superordinate goal within their group.
Shelton and Rucheson
change is inevitable, equal-status, puncture the norm of prejudice, no violence-- this is more influential than other speeches
Pee Wee Reese
put his arm around Jackie Robinson
Jigsaw classroom- reduce prejudice, non-zero game, contact hypothesis
when an event happens that is unexpected you may not be paying attention to detail. Misinformation effect. Deals with testimony eye witnesses