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Woodrow Wilson's 2 slogans justifying war

make the world safe from democracy, war to end all wars

Wilson wanted "peace ______ _______"

without victory

What were three things Wilson's Fourteen Points called for?

national self-determination, democracy, free trade

How did the French seek to create a just and lasting peace?

tear down Germany so they couldn't threaten

What were five things the Treaty of Versailles did to Germany?

reparations, war guilt, restrictions on military, split up colonies, created new states

Name seven countries created in the Middle East after WWII.

Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Republic of Turkey

`Which newly formed countries in the Middle East were NOT "mandates?"

Saudi Arabia, Republic of Turkey

Which two countries created the Sykes-Picot agreement?

Great Britain, France

What did the countries in the Sykes-Picot Agreement agree on?

Split up the new Middle East countries as colonies

What did the Balfour Declaration say?

Jews needed a homeland

Which significant Ottoman leader made the most progressive reforms?

Mustafa Kemal/Ataturk

Name two of Lenin's slogans.

peace, land, bread, all power to soviets

Why did the armenian genocide occur?

Turks suspicious of russian defectors

Who made the Balfour Declaration?

British

What is capitalism?

market economy based on free trade and private property

What is socialism?

means of production owned by government

What is communism?

all property owned by people/state

What was the treaty of Brest-Litovsk?

took russians out of wwi

Why did the Allies see the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk as a betrayal?

gave germany lots of land, freed up troops

Which people were "whites" during the Russian Civil War?

liberal democrats

Which people were "reds" during the Russian Civil War?

bolsheviks

What did the New Economic Policy (NEP) require?

farmers had to give certain amount of food to gov

What did collectivization do?

consolidated farms and farmers

Who implemented the policy of collectivization?

Josef Stalin

What was a "five-year plan?"

goal of production to be achieved in five years

What are the three basic principles of liberal democracy?

majority rule, rule of law, individual rights

How did Lenin disprove his claims of "peace, land, and bread?"

gave peasants nobles' land, push for communal property

How did Lenin disprove his claims of "all power to the Soviets?"

announced elections to write constitution, disbanded committee b/c not enough of his people were on it

Name three major reasons for the rise of fascism.

great depression, fear of communism, frustration with democracy

Name four major WWII allied powers.

usa, britain, france, soviets

Name the Axis powers.

germany, italy, japan

What was "lebensraum"?

living space

Why did the Nazis want "lebensraum"?

living space for greater germany

What did the Munich Agreement allow?

germany to take sudetenland

When was the Munich Agreement signed?

1938

What did the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact do to Poland?

split it in two

What is blitzkrieg?

lightning war

Was marxism for or against international organizations?

for

Was marxism for or against nationalism?

against

Was marxism for or against women's rights?

for

Was marxism for or against religion?

against

In what month was the Bolshevik Revolution?

oct/nov

In what month was the first Russian revolution?

feb/mar

What was Wilson's view on the two things that started WWI?

aggressive nationalism, oppressive governments

What were Wilson's three requirements for a lasting peace?

democracy, capitalism, cooperation

What was the French belief for the cause of war?

Germany

What was the French solution to create a lasting peace?

weaken germany

How did the French seek to achieve a just peace?

german reparations/war guilt

What was the Soviets' view on what caused the war?

capitalism

What was the Soviets' view on how to create a lasting peace?

worker revolutions and worldwide communism

During what years did Benito Mussolini rule Italy?

1922-1945

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