anorexia of aging
Loss of appetite in the elderly that leads to weight loss and overall physiological decline.
appropriate for gestational age (AGA)
An infant that weighs between the 10th and the 90th percentile for weight for gestational age.
Inflammation of the mucosal membrane that lines the stomach, reducing the number of cells that produce gastric secretions.
The first secretion from the breasts after birth that provides nourishment and immunological protection to newborns.
Period in development when cells and tissue rapidly grow and differentiate to form body structures.
developmental origins of adult health and disease
A theory suggesting that conditions during gestational development can alter risk for chronic diseases later in life.
Early stage of prenatal development following conception up to the end of the eighth week of pregnancy.
The stage of development that extends from conception through the eighth week of pregnancy.
fetal alcohol effect
A less severe form of fetal alcohol syndrome resulting from maternal consumption of alcohol while pregnant.
fetal alcohol syndrome
Structural and functional birth defects resulting from maternal consumption of alcohol while pregnant.
Agency that collects donated foods and distributes them to local food pantries, shelters, and soup kitchens.
Program that provides canned, boxed, and sometimes fresh foods directly to individuals in need.
food recovery program
Organization that collects and distributes food that would otherwise be discarded.
Food Stamp Program
A federally funded program, currently known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), that helps low-income households pay for food.
Length of pregnancy, determined by counting the number of weeks between the first day of a woman's last normal menstrual period and birth.
large for gestational age (LGA)
An infant that weighs more than the 90th percentile for weight for gestational age.
The time in a woman's life when menstruation ceases, usually during the sixth decade of life.
Muscle cells that surround alveoli and that contract, forcing milk into the mammary ducts.
National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs
Federally funded programs that provide free or subsidized nutritious meals to school-age children living in low-income households.
A hormone produced in the pituitary gland that stimulates the movement of milk into the mammary ducts.
A federally funded program whereby American volunteers live and work with people in underdeveloped countries.
An organ made up of fetal and maternal tissue that supplies nutrients and oxygen to the fetus.
A hormone produced in the pituitary gland that stimulates the production of milk in alveoli.
small for gestational age (SGA)
An infant that is below the 10th percentile for weight for gestational age.
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
A federally funded program, formerly known as the Food Stamp Program, that helps low-income households pay for food.
Environmental agent that can alter normal cell growth and development, causing a birth defect.