The cultural complex, dating to the Early Woodland period, centered in southern Ohio. Adena sites include large and elaborate burial mounds. the burials often include exotic items such as pipes made of Ohio pipestone.
A Mississippian mounded site that is located near the confluence of the Mississippi, Missouri, and Illinois Rivers. The site includes 120 earthen mounds that cover and area of 13 sq. km (5 sq. ft.). Cahokia, which reached the height of its power between 1050 and 1250 AD, appears to have been the administrative center of a complex Mississippian chiefdom.
The location of an integrated system of great houses and smaller settlements that existed in the San Juan River Valley between 900 and 1150 AD.
Early Woodland period
The period (approximately 1000-200 BC) in the Eastern woodlands characterized by increasing social and economic complexity seen in growing trade in exotic, luxury items increasingly elaborate burial rituals.
Hopewell Interaction Sphere
A widespread trade and exchange network, dating to the Middle Woodland period, marked by the exchange of exotic raw materials, distinctive finished items, and ideas across a broad region of the American Midwest and Southeast.
Late Woodland Period
The period (400-800 AD) during which the initial adoption of maize agriculture in the Eastern Woodlands took place. In comparison with the Middle Woodland societies that preceded them and the Mississippian chiefdoms that followed, Late Woodland societies in the Midwest and Southeast were relatively egalitarian.
A classic example of an aggregated puelbo settlement built in the eleventh and twelfth centuries AD.
Middle Woodland period
The period (approximately 200 BC-400 AD) during which a widespread network of trade and exchange, known as the Hopewell Interaction Sphere, developed in the Eastern Woodlands
The term used to describe the chiefdom-level societies that developed in the Midwest and Southeast United States between 800-1500 AD. Mississippian settlements are concentrated in the meander-belt zones of eastern rivers.
A large Mississippian center located in west-central Alabama. The site, which was extensively excavated from 1930 to 1941, includes at least 29 mounds arranged around a central plaza.
Year-round residences for large numbers of people that were constructed in the American Southwest in the early second millennium AD. They are generally multiroomed, surface-level structures with walls made of stone or adobe.