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Terms/Definitions from wk 1-3

aden/o

gland

carcin/o

cancer

cardi/o

heart

chem/o

chemical

cis/o

to cut

dermat/o

skin

enter/o

small intestine

gastr/o

stomach

gynec/o

female

hemat/o

blood

hydr/o

water

immun/o

immune

laryng/o

voice box

nephr/o

kidney

neur/o

nerve

anti-

against

auto-

self

brady-

slow

dys-

painful or difficult

epi-

upon or over

eu-

normal or good

heter/o

different

hom/o

same

inter-

among or between

intra-

within or inside

macro-

large

post

after

pseudo

false

nulli-

none

-megaly

large

-cele

hernia or protrusion

-cyte

cell

-ectasis

dilation

-itis

inflammation

-logist

one who studies

-malacia

abnormal softening

-oma

tumor or mass

-pathy

disease

-centesis

puncture to withdraw fluid

-ectomy

surgical removal

-ostomy

surgically create an opening

-cise

cutting into

-pexy

surgical fixation

-plasty

surgical repair

-graph

instrument for recording

a-

without, away from

abdomino/o

abdomen

-ac

pertaining to

adip/o

fat

-al

pertaining to

-algia

pain

an-

without

ante-

before, in front of

anter/o

front

-ar

pertaining to

brachi/o

arm

cephal/o

head

cervic/o

neck, cervix

chondro/o

cartilage

crani/o

skull

cyt/o

cell

dist/o

away from

dors/o

back of body

-dynia

pain

-eal

pertaining to

endo-

within, inner

epitheli/o

epithilium

-gen

that which produces

glute/o

buttock

hemi-

half

hist/o

tissue

hypo-

under, below

-ia

state, condition

-iasis

abnormal condition

-ical

pertaining to

infer/o

below

infra-

under, beneath, below

later/o

side

medi/o

middle

multi-

many

muscul/o

muscle

ophthalm/o

eye

organ/o

organ

-ose

pertaining to

oste/o

bone

-otomy

cutting into, incision

para-

beside, beyond, near

per-

through

peri-

around, about

peritone/o

peritoneum

-pexy

surgical fixation

-plasia

growth, formation, development

-plasm

growth, formation, development

poly-

many

poster/o

back

proxim/o

near to

cry/o

cold

cyan/o

blue

diaphor/o

profuse sweating

electr/o

electricity

erythr/o

red

hidr/o

sweat

ichthy/o

scaly

kerat/o

horny

melan/o

black

myc/o

fungus

vesic/o

bladder

onych/o

nail

derm/o

skin

-derma

skin

-opsy

view

allo-

other or different from usual

xeno-

strange or foreign

albin/o

white

leuk/o

white

necr/o

death

bucc/o

cheek

chem/o

chemical/drug

lingu/o

tounge

muscul/o

muscle

or/o

mouth

pharmac/o

drug

vagin/o

vagina

ven/o

vein

Cyst

fluid filled sac under the skin

Contusion

injury caused by a blow to the body, causes swelling pain and bruising, the skin is not broken

Subcutaneous

pertaining to under the skin, injection of medication under the skin

Purulent

pus filled sputum (which can be result of infection)

Abrasion

scraping away a portion of the surface of the skin

Cyanosis

slightly bluish color of the skin, due to a deficiency of oxygen and excess carbon dioxide

Fissure

a deep groove or slit type opening

Pallor

abnormal paleness of the skin

Diaphoresis

excessive or profuse sweating

Hyperemia

redness of the skin caused by increased blood flow to the skin

Laceration

a torn or jagged wound (increectly used to describe cut)

Nodule

solid, raised group of cells

Biopsy

a piece of tisue is removed by syringe & needle, punch or brush to examine under a microscope

Debridement

removal of foreign material, dead or damaged tissue from wound

Rule of nine

a method of estimating the extent of body surface that has been burned in an adult, dividing the body into sections of 9 per cent or multiples of 9 per cent.

3 types of burns

1st degree (red skin) 2nd degree (blistering) 3rd degree (charring)

Ways medication can be used by patient

aerosol, buccal, eardrops, eyedrops, inhalation, oral, parenteral, rectal, sublingual, suppositories, topical, transdermal, vaginal

Schedule of controlled substances for addiction/abuse

schedule 1 highest potential (5)
schedule 2 high potential (4)
schedule 3 moderate/low potential (3)
schedule 4 lower potential (2)
schedule 5 OTC (1)

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