WWII Study Guide

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blitzkrieg

"The Lightning War"

appeasement

to accept demands to avoid a conflict

kamikaze

a Japanese pilot who crashed into his target

anti-semitism

discrimination against or hatred toward Jews

dictator

A ruler who has complete authority

fascism

Headed by a dictator; extreme nationalism

island hopping

a strategy used in WWII that called for attacking key islands and then using them to leapfrog to other islands

genocide

deliberate destruction of a racial, political, or social group

Holocaust

Name given to the mass slaughter of Jews in WWII

internment camps

detention centers for Japanese-Americans during WWII

WWI

Unresolved resentments from ________ was one of the causes of WWII

Nazis

The group murdered millions of Jews and others during the Holocaust

Axis Powers

This group of countries consisted of Germany Italy and Japan

Allied Powers

This group of countries consisted of Great Britain, Soviet Union, and the US.

Japan

The country that attacked Pearl Habro

Prisoner of War

This is the full name for a "POW"

December 7, 1941

The "date which will live in infamy"

Nuremburg Laws

Laws that restricted what Jews could do

Blackouts

Issued along the coast to make American merchant ships less visible to German U-Boats

Fort Bragg

The largest military base in the world in WWII; it was located in NC

Battle of the Bulge

The last counter offensive made by the Germans

Munich Agreement

The agreement signed by Germany, Great Britain, and France to avoid war

Torpedo Junction

nickname given to the area off the coast of NC near Cape Hatteras where German U-boats sank many American merchant vessels

Third Reich

The name given to the German government under Hitler's control during WWII

Facism

Type of government with a one-party totalitarian state in which the leader uses terror and violence to control and unit the country

Germany

Country that most POWs in NC came from

Aryans

Name given to the white Indo-Europeans that Hitler thought were superior to all other races

Franklin D. Roosevelt

President of the US that was elected to a 4th term

Neutrality Acts

Acts that were revised after Germany invaded Poland

Bedding, Ships, and Parachutes

Three items produced by NC during WWII

Good Neighbor Policy

The policy that was created by FDR to strengthen US relationships with Latin America

30th Division

Name of the military unit most closely associated with NC during WWII

Lend-Lease Act

Act that said the US could send good to Great Britain or any other country that was fighting Nazis

democracy

Main cause of WWII: Europe did not embrace ______________

Nationalism

Main cause of WWII: Extreme ____________________

revenge

Main cause of WWII: Germany was seeking ________________, not reconciliation

Nationalism

extreme devotion and loyalty to one's country

democracy

type of government in the US

Constitutional Monarchy

type of government in Great Britain

communist

type of government in the Soviet Union

Nazism

type of government in Germany

Facist

type of government in Japan

Facist

type of government in Italy

Winston Churchill

leader of Great Britain

Franklin D. Roosevelt

leader of the US for most of WWII

Joseph Stalin

leader of Soviet Union

Adolf Hitler

Leader of Germany

Emperor Hirohito

emperor of Japan in WWII

Hideki Tojo

Prime Minister of Japan in WWII

Benito Mussolini

Leader of Italy in WWII; he founded fascism

Germans and Italians

These two groups were sent to the US as POWs from Europe (perhaps for containment, no space, prevention)

guarded

NC's textile mills, military bases, factories, etc. were heavily ________ to prevent attack and sabotage

Camp Leujune

Camp in NC where many Marines trained in WWII

Japanese-Americans

These Americans were targeted after the attack on Pearl Harbor - they were seen as a threat and placed in internment camps.

Isolated

This word describes the United States' stand on war at the beginning of WWII because we wanted to stay away from all the fighting

Churchhill

In response to the Munich Agreement, this Prime Minister disagreed with appeasing Hitler and said something had to be done about this actions

4

# of terms served by FDR - the most of an US president

Battle of Midway

Turning point of the war in the Pacific because it was the most significant Japanese naval defeat - Japan was unaware of our aircraft carriers.

Iwo Jima

By taking this island in the Pacific, the US had a landing base closer to Japan and did not have to rely on aircraft carriers.

Italy

When __________ surrendered to the Allies, Mussolini resigned as leader

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