Plants

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Meador quiz 5/4

eukaryotes

plants are multicellular ___________

cellulose

plant cell walls are made of ____________

photosynthesis

plants obtain glucose through ____________

geotropism

plants tend to grow in the direction that gravity pulls them (roots of plants grow down into the soil)

guard cells

specialized crescent-shaped cells that control the opening and closing of a stomata

stomata

openings in a leaf through which gases and water enter or leave

xylem

plant tissue made of hollow cells called tracheids; transport water in vascular plants

phloem

plant tissue that transports nutrients and carbohydrates in vascular plants

anther

pollen is produced and released by the _____________

self-pollination

when the pollen from one flower is used to fertilize the eggs produced by that same flower (true-bred flowers)

cross pollination

when the pollen from one flower is used to pollinate another flower

bryophyta

sexual, nonvascular, have spores, near water so that sperm can swim to reach eggs and fertilize them

pterophyta

sexual, vascular, have spores, require at least a thin film of water so sperm can reach eggs

coniferophyta

sexual, vascular, have seeds, does not require water for fertilization, reproduces through pollination, also called gymnosperms

antherophyta

sexual, vascular, have seeds, does not require water, reproduces through pollination, has flowers and seeds, also called angiosperms

moss

example of bryophyta

fern

example of pterophyta

pine tree

example of coniferophyta

tulip

example of antherophyta

monocot

has a single cotyledon

dicot

has a double cotyledon

monocot

has parallel veins on leaves

dicot

has branched veins on leaves

monocot

floral parts often in multiples of threes

dicot

floral parts often in multiples of fours or fives

monocot

has vascular bundles scattered throughout stem

dicot

has vascular bundles arranged in a ring

monocot

has fibrous roots

dicot

has a taproot

corn, grass, lilies

examples of monocots

maple, oak

examples of dicots

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