extreme exaggeration, often humorous
verbal approximation of a sensory impression, concept, or emotion.
the total effect of related sensory images in a work of literature
the process that moves from a given series to a generalization
a conclusion one can draw from the presented details
a verbally abusive attack
an unexpected twist or contrast between what happens and what was intended or expected to happen.
a mistake in reasoning
a direct comparison between dissimilar things
a figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea.
a speech given by one character
any speech or essay whose aim is to sway or persuade a reader or listener.
focuses specifically on explanations that show a connection between a situation and its cause or effect
comparison and contrast
to point out how two things are similar or to stress how they are dissimilar
spelling out exactly what a word or phrase means
the writers attempt to capture with words the essence and flavor of a scene person or thing
division and classification
to break down a subject into its constituent types, for the purpose of discovering the nature of a subject by a study of its parts and their relationship to the larger whole
backing up assertions or points with specific instances.
a relating of events in some climatic sequence whether imaginary or real
an essay that gives instructions on how to do something or describes how something was done, presenting information in chronological order, commonly in the form of instructions
to expose or explain; not limited to a single method of development
background information presented in a literary work
all the strategies, modes and devices a writer can use to get the reader to easily accept his or her point of view.
refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images.
in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.
a work that functions on a symbolic level
the repetition of initial consonant sounds.
a reference contained in a work
a literary device employed to serve as a basis for comparison. What applies to the parallel situation also applies to the original circumstance.
a story or brief episode told by the writer or a character to illustrate a point
the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
the presentation of two contrasting images that are balanced
a single assertion or a series of assertions presented and defended by the writer.
the relationship an author has toward his or her subject, and/or his or her audience
a situation in which all parts of the presentation are equal
harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage in a literary work
those who carry out the action of the plot in literature
the use of slang in writing, often to create local color and to provide and informal tone.
the inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast with the tragic elements
a clash between opposing forces in a literary work.
those elements that help create coherence in a written piece
the interpretive level of a word base on its associated images rather than its literal meaning
the process of moving from a general rule to a specific example
a literal or dictionary meaning of a word.
the recreation of regional spoken language, such as Southern.
the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, a swell as meaning
writing whose purpose is to instruct and or to teach.
indicated by a series of three periods.
the use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme.
a more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable.
the pleasant, mellifluous presentation of sounds in a literary work.
a sustained comparison, often referred to as a conceit.
the body of devices that enables the writer to operate on levels other than the literal one. It includes metaphor, simile, symbol, motif, and hyperbole.
a device that enables a writer to refer to past thoughts, events or episodes
the shape or structure of a literary work.